American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. An anaerobic, rod-shaped bacterium (Clostridium botulinum) that secretes botulin and inhabits soils.
- n. anaerobic bacterium producing botulin the toxin that causes botulism
- New Latin botulīnum, specific epithet, from Latin botulus, sausage. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The regime also admitted that it had manufactured 19,180 liters of a biological agent called botulinum toxin.”
“Treatment for more severe cases can include injections - a substance known as botulinum toxin is injected into the affected area and works to block the signals to the brain that cause the area to produce sweat.”
“Information in the Intelligence Community's possession since the late 1990s indicated that al-Qa'ida's members had trained in crude methods for producing biological agents such as botulinum toxin and toxins obtained from venomous animals.”
“Surgeons have called for the scrapping of a scheme designed to offer some protection against unscrupulous practices among clinics and beauty parlours that provide cosmetic injectable treatments, such as botulinum toxin and cosmetic fillers.”
“However, some of the most toxic substances on earth are completely natural (such as botulinum toxin, taxine in yew plants, and nicotine).”
“There is, however, evidence that the group was experimenting with crude chemical weapons, was exploring the use of biological weapons such as botulinum, salmonella, and anthrax, and also made multiple attempts to acquire radioactive materials suitable for a dirty bomb.”
“The drug is a purified form of botulinum, one of the most toxic substances in the world.”
“• Botox: While best known for its cosmetic uses, botulinum toxin is approved by the Food and Drug Administration to treat armpit hyperhidrosis if antiperspirants have failed.”
“An alternate version of the same botulinum toxin was approved in Europe in 2001 for general cosmetic applications.”
“None had been exposed to botulinum in any form in the six months prior to the study launch, nor had any experienced adverse side effects as a result of previous exposure to botulinum.”
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It's a hazardous world out there...poison all around. I've tried not to include too many drugs (including medicines) and have ignored the fact that too much of anything can poison you. We're going ...
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