Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. An officer in command of ten men in the army of ancient Rome.
  • n. A member of a municipal senate in ancient Rome who ran local government.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An officer in charge of ten men in the ancient Roman army.
  • n. A member of local government in ancient Rome.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A head or chief over ten; especially, an officer who commanded a division of ten soldiers.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. An officer in the Roman army who commanded a decury, or a body of ten soldiers.
  • n. Any commander or overseer of ten; specifically, a tithing-man.
  • n. In Roman history, a member of the senate of a colony or of a municipality; a town-councilor.
  • n. A member of the great council of an Italian city or town.

Etymologies

Latin decuriō, from decuria, group of ten men, administrative body of ten families, from *decu-viria : decem, ten.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin decuria ("a group of ten") (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Your work officers of your labor legion will select their representative, called a decurion, from among your ranks.

    Draining the Swamps

  • The Jesuits organized each class in subdivisions; each division being headed by an advanced pupil called a decurion, to whom the boys recited their lessons at stated times, while the teacher corrected exercises or heard the lessons of particular pupils.

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 8: Infamy-Lapparent

  • All this tends at least to prove that we should read "decurion" for

    Bolougne-Sur-Mer St. Patrick's Native Town

  • A manipular tribune cannot be cross posted as a decurion.

    Draining the Swamps

  • A turma of new recruits was being drilled by a frog-throated decurion who seemed capable of cursing in three languages.

    Hadrian's Wall.html

  • He made it part of the way, but after he had fallen a couple of times, the decurion drafted one of the onlookers, a big husky black man, probably a visitor from Cyrene, and put him to carrying the, cross.

    The Eternal Mercenary

  • The decurion had six men in his escort squad: two Syrians, a Gaul from Messilia, one member of the Tuetonii tribe of Germans, and two men from the northern Latin provinces.

    The Eternal Mercenary

  • Corio was as rigid in his demands as a Roman decurion.

    The Eternal Mercenary

  • While they were doing so, the decurion returned bitching.

    The Eternal Mercenary

  • The decurion in charge of the unit cursed at the sweat rolling down his own back and soaking the leather armor surrounding his chest and abdomen.

    The Eternal Mercenary

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