from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of or pertaining to derivation; relating to that which is derived.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Relating to derivation.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Relating to derivation.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. characterized by inflections indicating a semantic relation between a word and its base
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Backformation is the reverse of adding an affix (i.e prefix or suffix) to a word (or if we’re not just talking about English, doing any kind of derivational operation on a word, whether it’s affixing, or repeating a portion of the word, or changing the vowels, etc.)
The - ly suffix (meaning “like”, by the way, and derived from an Old English word meaning “corpse” – cool, no?) is a late-comer to English derivational suffixes, replacing the now purely phonetic final e (used to mean “adverb”, now means “long preceding vowel”).
It would literally have meant '(Town of) flowing waters', from *rūmōn 'river; flowing water', a securely Indo-European formation built on the root *reu- 'to flow, to run (as of liquid)' and the derivational suffix *-mo-.
Even, say, including the derivational and conjugational endings as entries in the dictionary would be, really, really handy.
The same root *sub- appears to be present as in Etruscan and Egyptian and we even may be seeing an Aegean derivational suffix *-na attached.
This mechanistic analysis better captured, she claimed, the practice of biologists, with their frequent talk of mechanisms, than the analyses of the relations between the fields in terms of formal derivational theory reduction, informal reduction, replacement, related investigative strategies, and explanatory extension via expanded argument schemata.
Kenneth Schaffner used and developed Ernst Nagel's (1961) analysis of derivational theory reduction to argue for the reduction of classical Mendelian genetics (T2) to molecular biology (T1) and refined it over many years
In summary, philosophers of biology agree that the relations between Mendelian genetics and molecular biology are not appropriately analyzed via derivational intertheoretic reduction.
Waters thus defended “informal reduction,” in which molecular models of crossing-over between homologous chromosomes were shown to be explanatory, even though no derivational reduction was involved.
In the minimalist framework, lexicon has the numeration set, which comprises the lexical categories, functional categories and the inflectional and derivational suffixes.
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