American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of various bulbous plants of the genus Fritillaria, having nodding, variously colored, often spotted or checkered flowers.
- n. Any of various butterflies of the family Nymphalidae, especially of the genera Speyeria and Boloria, having brownish wings marked with black or silvery spots on the underside.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The popular name of plants of the genus Fritillaria.
- n. The popular name of several species of British butterflies. Argynnis paphia is the silver-washed fritillary of collectors; A. aglaia is the dark-green fritillary; A. adippe is the high-brown fritillary; A. lattonia is the rare and much-prized queen-of-Spain fritillary; and A. euphrosyne is the pearl-bordered fritillary. The greasy fritillary of collectors is Melitæa artemis.
- n. Any of several bulbous perennial plants, of the genus Fritillaria, having flowers with a spotted or chequered pattern.
- n. Any of several butterflies, of the family Nymphalidae, having wings with black or silvery spots.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A plant with checkered petals, of the genus Fritillaria: the Guinea-hen flower. See fritillaria.
- n. (Zoöl.) One of several species of butterflies belonging to Argynnis and allied genera; -- so called because the coloring of their wings resembles that of the common Fritillaria. See Aphrodite.
- n. butterfly with brownish wings marked with black and silver
- n. any liliaceous plant of the genus Fritillaria having nodding variously colored flowers
- From Latin fritillus ("dice-box"). (Wiktionary)
- New Latin Fritillāria, genus name, from Latin fritillus, dice-box. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“This has had a positive effect on other woodland wildlife, with butterflies such as the silver-washed fritillary thriving in the sunny, open rides between the stands of trees.”
“It was a silver-washed fritillary, the largest and most impressive of all the British fritillaries and one that has bucked the dismal trend and expanded its range after years of contraction.”
“Almost all have been managed for hunting or timber during most of their history, but the majority are now nature reserves and home to wildlife such as the pearl-bordered fritillary butterfly and barbastelle bat, as well as a rich variety of woodland plants.”
“Match the artsy underwing of the pearl-bordered fritillary with the breathtaking views from the Morecambe Bay Limestones, just below the Lake District.”
“• Wood white: up 600% since 2009, following major decline• Marsh fritillary: up 134%, after major decline• Common blue: up 146%• Brown argus: up 85%• Silver-spotted skipper: up 78%• Lulworth skipper: down 40%, worst ever year since records began• Meadow brown: down 20%, worst ever year• Essex skipper: down 33%, second worst year in scheme• Small skipper: down 17%• Wall brown: down 20%It was an ordinary school playing field until the diggers moved in.”
“The graceful but now critically endangered high brown fritillary and the Lulworth skipper, which is confined to the Dorset coastline and has suffered a 93% decline in number since 2000, continued to disappear from the countryside.”
“Newly released figures from the charity Butterfly Conservation show that the endangered wood white increased in number by 600% in Britain last summer after a major decline, while the rare marsh fritillary increased by 134% and the silver-spotted skipper, once on the brink of extinction, rallied with a 78% rise.”
“A silver-washed fritillary – all tawny orange with black cryptic wing texts and flashes of mother-of-pearl – flew in and was immediately mobbed by ringlet and meadow-brown butterflies.”
“The flowers, inhabited by a wild passion, drew the fritillary back repeatedly as if all its strength and beauty were trapped in their orbit.”
“One of them, on the brackeny foothills of the British Camp, was a high brown fritillary, which now features in the Malvern Hills Conservators 'excellent leaflet of rare and interesting species.”
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