American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of, relating to, or characteristic of certain bony fishes, such as the sturgeon and the gar, that have armorlike scales consisting of bony plates covered with layers of dentine and enamel.
- n. A ganoid fish.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Having a smooth, shining surface, as if polished or enameled: specifically applied to those scales or plates of fishes which are generally of an angular form and composed of a bony or hard horny tissue overlaid with enamel. See cut under scale.
- Having ganoid scales or plates, as a fish; specifically, of or pertaining to the Ganoidei: as, a ganoid fauna.
- n. One of the Ganoidei; a fish of the order Ganoidei. Also ganoidean, ganoidian.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to Ganoidei. -- n. One of the Ganoidei.
- n. primitive fishes having thick bony scales with a shiny covering
- Ancient Greek (Wiktionary)
- From New Latin Ganoideī, subclass name, from Greek ganos, brightness, gladness, from ganusthai, to rejoice; see gāu- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“To him, the ganoid was a huge perplexity, none the less because neither he nor the ganoid troubled Darwinians, but the more because it helped to reveal that Darwinism seemed to survive only in England.”
“Two percent of the entire fauna are vertebrates, ganoid-scaled and bony fishes being the most common group.”
“Statistical comparisons were made among osteichthyans using ganoid scales, caudates using vertebrae, ornithischians using teeth, and testudinates using shell fragments.”
“Dense, equidimensional elements, such as teeth and ganoid fish scales, dominate the sandstone assemblage.”
“Finally, with respect to the ‘Vertebrata’, the same law holds good: certain types, such as those of the ganoid and placoid fishes, having persisted from the palaeozoic epoch to the present time without a greater amount of deviation from the normal standard than that which is seen within the limits of the group as it now exists.”
“I gasped — for the fish had been a ganoid — that ancient, armoured form that was perhaps the most intelligent of all life on our planet during the Devonian era, but which for age upon age had vanished, save for its fossils held in the embrace of the stone that once was their soft bottom beds; and the half-globes were Medusae, jelly-fish — but of a size, luminosity, and colour unheard of.”
“Instead of rudimentary trilobites, I noticed remains of a more perfect order of beings, amongst others ganoid fishes and some of those sauroids in which palaeontologists have discovered the earliest reptile forms.”
“Round-hulled Plumie ship, and ganoid-shaped _Niccola_, they stuck immovably together as if they had been that way since time began.”
“But it was not a sturgeon, though sturgeons are now the main representatives of what once were innumerable ganoid species.”
“I gasped -- for the fish had been a ganoid -- that ancient, armoured form that was perhaps the most intelligent of all life on our planet during the Devonian era, but which for age upon age had vanished, save for its fossils held in the embrace of the stone that once was their soft bottom beds; and the half-globes were Medusae, jelly-fish -- but of a size, luminosity, and colour unheard of.”
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