American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. One of the two chaffy basal bracts of a grass spikelet.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A chaffy bract or bractlet characterizing the inflorescence of grasses, sedges, and other Glumaceæ. By some early botanists the term was also applied to chaffy segments of the perianth, which are now called
paleæor palets. See cut under Gramineæ.
- n. botany a basal, membranous, outer sterile husk or bract in the flowers of grasses (Poaceae) and sedges (Cyperaceae)
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) The bracteal covering of the flowers or seeds of grain and grasses; esp., an outer husk or bract of a spikelet.
- n. small dry membranous bract found in inflorescences of Gramineae and Cyperaceae
- Latin glūma, husk; see gleubh- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The second glume is shorter than the third, membranous, 3 - to 5-nerved, rarely wanting.”
“The callus of the third glume is short, pointed and villous.”
“This prolonged rachilla sometimes bears a minute glume, which is of course rudimentary.”
“It differs from _G. nutans_ in being an annual and in having filiform leaves, bicuspidate third glume which is scabrid all over the back and a fourth glume distinctly tricuspidate at the apex.”
“A spathe of calyptrous glume involucrumines the perinanthean”
“· The degree to which the glume adheres to the grain.”
“Evening grain washing preparation of fermentation grain washing preparation of fermentation glume removal glume removal”
“Long-glume types with high seed weight are especially promising for increasing seed size.”
“In one short-season variety, some farmers are selecting for tough outer glumes (the papery coat or bract around the seed) and long awns (the hair-like bristle growing out from the glume) which help protect the grains from birds, a major pest of early rice.”
“It is a slender grass with digitate spikes, which have much of the habit of _Digitaria_, but which, on account of the absence of the small outer glume existing in that genus, Mr. Keppist, Librarian of the Linnean Society, of London, refers to _Paspalum_.”
The Commercial Products of the Vegetable Kingdom Considered in Their Various Uses to Man and in Their Relation to the Arts and Manufactures; Forming a Practical Treatise & Handbook of Reference for the Colonist, Manufacturer, Merchant, and Consumer, on the Cultivation, Preparation for Shipment, and Commercial Value, &c. of the Various Substances Obtained From Trees and Plants, Entering into the Husbandry of Tropical and Sub-tropical Regions, &c.
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HEE OK LETS DO IT! I'm v.v. excited! (with thanks to whichbe, Lampbane, bilby, effigy, frogapplause, and fredrx!)
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