Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Greek & Roman Mythology A wood nymph who lives only as long as the tree of which she is the spirit lives.
  • n. See king cobra.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A wood-nymph who was physically a part of her tree; fell the tree, kill the nymph.
  • n. The king cobra.
  • n. A kind of baboon, Papio hamadryas, venerated by the ancient Egyptians.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A tree nymph whose life ended with that of the particular tree, usually an oak, which had been her abode.
  • n. A large venomous East Indian snake (Ophiophagus bungarus), allied to the cobras.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In Greek myth, a wood-nymph believed to live and die with the tree to which she was attached.
  • n. In entomology: A dryad or wood-nymph, a butterfly of the old genus Hamadryas.
  • n. plural A group of lepidopterous insects.
  • n. In herpetology, a large, hooded, venomous Indian serpent, Naja hamadryas or Hamadryas elaps, now Ophiophagus elaps. It is related to the cobra.
  • n. In mammalogy, a large Abyssinian baboon, Cynocephalus hamadryas, with long mane and whiskers and tufted tail. Also called hebe.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the nymph or spirit of a particular tree
  • n. large cobra of southeastern Asia and the East Indies; the largest venomous snake; sometimes placed in genus Naja

Etymologies

Middle English amadriad, from Latin Hamadryas, Hamadryad-, from Greek Hamadruas : hama, together with; see sem-1 in Indo-European roots + Druas, dryad (from drūs, oak; see deru- in Indo-European roots).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Latin Hamadryas, from Ancient Greek Ἁμαδρυάς, from ἅμα ("together") + δρῦς ("tree"). (Wiktionary)

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