American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. See mandrake.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The mandrake.
- n. [capitalized] A genus of plants of the natural order Solanaceœ, the nightshade family, and tribe Atropeœ. The corolla is induplicate in the bud, the calyx is foliaceous and five-parted, and the pedicels are partially clustered among the radical leaves. They are herbs, nearly stemless, rising from a thick, fieshy, often forked root, and bear tuffs of large, ovate, lance-shaped leaves, and quite large pale bluish-violet, white. or purple flowers, which are reticulately veined. Five species have been described (but these may be reducible to one), found throughout the Mediterranean region. The ordinary plant has been commonly known as M. officinalis, but this includes a spring and a fall kind sometimes separated as species, M. vernalis and M. autumnalis. The mandragora or mandrake has long been known in medicine, and has been the subject of much superstition. See
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A genus of plants; the mandrake. See mandrake, 1.
- n. a genus of stemless herbs of the family Solanaceae
- From Latin mandragora (Wiktionary)
- Middle English; see mandrake. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Asked, in what place this mandrake was, and what she had heard of it? she said that she had heard that it grew under the tree of which mention has been made, but did not know the place; she said also that she had heard that above the mandragora was a hazel tree.”
“The mandragora is a wild plant, the like of which does not exist.”
“Perhaps the most plausible suggestion that has been made as to the derivation of the word "mandragora" is Delâtre's claim  that it is compounded of the words _mandros_, "sleep," and _agora_, "object or substance," and that mandragora means "the sleep-producing substance".”
“In most books on Egyptian mythology the word (_d'd'_) for the substance put into the drink to colour it is translated "mandragora," from its resemblance to the Hebrew word”
“(variously transliterated _doudou_ or _didi_), which Brugsch  and his followers interpreted as "mandragora," is now believed to have another meaning.”
“Radix mandragora ebibitae, Annuli ex ungulis Asini, Stercus amatae sub cervical positum, illa nesciente, &c., quum odorem foeditatis sentit, amor solvitur.”
“So have many besides: and poppy and mandragora will never medicine them to the sweet sleep they tasted yesterday.”
“Not poppy nor mandragora will ever medicine this bitter feud! ...”
“A confirmation of this appears from considering the things which induce sleep; they all, whether potable or edible, for instance poppy, mandragora, wine, darnel, produce a heaviness in the head; and persons borne down [by sleepiness] and nodding”
“A drug made from extracts of mandragora, jujube and opium ensured that Moustache felt no pain.”
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