from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A southern European plant (Mandragora officinarum) having greenish-yellow flowers and a branched root. This plant was once believed to have magical powers because its root resembles the human body.
- n. The root of this plant, which contains the poisonous alkaloid hyoscyamine. Also called mandragora.
- n. See May apple.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A mandragora, a kind of tiny demon immune to fire.
- n. Any plant of the genus Mandragora, certain of which are said to have medicinal properties; the curiously shaped root of these plants has been likened to the shape of a little man, and thus, has attained some mythic significance.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A low plant (Mandragora officinarum) of the Nightshade family, having a fleshy root, often forked, and supposed to resemble a man. It was therefore supposed to have animal life, and to cry out when pulled up. All parts of the plant are strongly narcotic. It is found in the Mediterranean region.
- n. The May apple (Podophyllum peltatum). See May apple under May, and Podophyllum.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A plant of the genus Mandragora.
- n. The May-apple, Podophyllum peltatum.
- n. In heraldry, a figure resembling a root with two long and pointed bifurcations usually twisted together, and the whole crowned with leaves and berries.
- n. The enchanter's nightshade, Circæa Lutetiana.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the root of the mandrake plant; used medicinally or as a narcotic
- n. a plant of southern Europe and North Africa having purple flowers, yellow fruits and a forked root formerly thought to have magical powers
The mandrake is a plant which has human-shaped roots.
They say that, though so large and powerful, and so courageous against larger animals, it is afraid of a mouse; that its nature is so cold that it will never seek the company of the female until, wandering in the direction of Paradise, it meets with the plant called the mandrake, and eats of it, and that each female bears but one young one in her life.
What seems to link all these fantastic beliefs and customs with the story of the dog and the mandrake is the fact that they are closely bound up with the conception of the dog as the guardian of hidden treasure.
The goddess Aphrodite was closely related to Cyprus; the mandrake was a magical plant there; and the cowry is so intimately associated with the island as to be called _Cypræa_.
Wherefore the mandrake is a bewitching plant, which enchants the eyes, and charms away pains, sorrows, and all passions by sleep.
For the same reason as that suggested by Calmet, Columella calls the mandrake _semihomo_:
 "The Arabians call the mandrake 'the devil's candle,' on account of its shining appearance in the night."
Poppy-heads were used "with success" to relieve diseases of the head, and the root of the "mandrake," from its supposed resemblance to the human form, was a very ancient remedy for barrenness and was evidently so esteemed by Rachel, in the account given in Genesis 30: 14 ff.
"Let a young maid pick of rosemary two roots; of monk's-hood --" A line had been drawn through this last word, and another word written above it; but the ink was so faded, the page so woolly and thin with use, that it was impossible to decipher the correction; perhaps it was "mother-wort," an herb Philly did not know; or it might be "mandrake"?
He used to compare reputation to snuff, which may be beneficial if used occasionally and moderately, but which clouds and injures the brain when used in excess; and to the mandrake which is soothing when smelt at a distance, but if brought too close, induces drowsiness and lethargy.
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