from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A plant (Alpinia officinarum) of eastern Asia, having pungent, aromatic roots used medicinally and as seasoning.
- n. The dried roots of this plant.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any of several east Asian plants of the ginger family, used as a spice, but principally Alpinia galanga.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A dried rhizome brought from China and used in medicine (but much less than formerly), being an aromatic stimulant of the nature of ginger.
- n. A sedge, Cyperus longus, with an aromatic tuberous root. Also called English galangal.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. European sedge having rough-edged leaves and spikelets of reddish flowers and aromatic roots
- n. southeastern Asian perennial with aromatic roots
Variant of galingale.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French galingal, from Arabic قالنجان (qālanjān) (cognate with Persian قولنجان (kūlinjān), Sanskrit कुलञ्जन (kulañjana)), perhaps from Sinitic 高良薑 (read gāoliángjiāng in modern Mandarin), from 高良 (a district in China) + 薑 ("ginger"). (Wiktionary)