American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A brownish or orange resin obtained from several trees of the genus Garcinia of south-central Asia and yielding a golden-yellow pigment.
- n. A strong reddish yellow.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A gum resin, the inspissated juice of various species of the guttiferous genus Garcinia. The gamboge of commerce is mainly derived from
G. Hanburyi, a handsome laurel-like tree of Siam, Cambodia, and Cochin China. (See cut under Garcinia.) It is of a rich brownish-orange color, becoming brilliant yellow when powdered, forming a yellow emulsion with water, and having a disagreeable acrid taste. It is a drastic purgative, but is seldom used in medicine except in combination. It is mostly used as a pigment in water-color painting, producing transparent yellows, verging on brown in deep masses. It is quite durable as a water-color, and fairly so in oil. Ceylon gamboge is obtained from G. Morella. False gamboge is a similar but inferior product of G. Xanthochymus. The so-called American gamboge is the juice of Vismia Guianensis and other species of South America. In doses of a dram or even less gamboge has produced death.
- n. One of several species of trees of genus Garcinia found in South and Southeastern Asia.
- n. The resin of the gamboge tree.
- n. A deep yellow colour.
- adj. Of a deep yellow colour.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A concrete juice, or gum resin, produced by several species of trees in Siam, Ceylon, and Malabar. It is brought in masses, or cylindrical rolls, from
Cambodia, or Cambogia, -- whence its name. The best kind is of a dense, compact texture, and of a beatiful reddish yellow. Taken internally, it is a strong and harsh cathartic and emetic.
- n. a gum resin used as a yellow pigment and a purgative
- n. a strong yellow color
- New Latin cambugium, gambogium, after Cambodia . (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Neither vermilion nor gamboge is reliably permanent. 16 The practical value of the triangles would be limited if the materials used to construct it were incompatible or otherwise unstable. reference Finally, although it is unlikely that this was deliberate, Mayer's use of nonperfect colors in mixtures has the effect of emphasizing his point that nearly any coloring material could be adapted to his techniques of color composition and identification. reference”
“-- A fatty matter known as gamboge butter is procured from the seeds of this tree in Mysore.”
“The gamboge is the juice of the tree obtained by incisions in the bark.”
“In opacity it never equals white lead, and might perhaps serve advantageously as a glaze over that pigment, either alone or compounded with other colours; as well as act as a medium of interposition between white lead and those colours which are injured by it, such as gamboge, crimson lake, &c.”
“I found it next to "gamboge," and I can now tell you all about it.”
“The fruit and the trunk of both species, when cut, exude a gum-resin very much like gamboge which is obtained from the _G. morella_ or _G. pedicellata_, Desr.”
“A heavy piece of gamboge-colored iron, it was the size of a large cabbage but flat, less than an inch thick.”
“The green of verdigris was not perfectly imitated by combining indigo with yellow berries, or Prussian blue with gamboge.”
“On the other hand, if you want to lean on the taffrail of your ketch and regard the magnificent melancholy sunset of Sirius from the Draschade Ocean, with the rose, cerise and gamboge light playing across the waters, while sipping a Rum Toddy, any world of his would be just the place to do it.”
“In contrast the malachite, a medium or jade green, is the lighter of the two greens used here, and the darker green is a combination of Prussian blue and gamboge.”
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