American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A natural brown earth containing ferric oxide and manganese oxides, used as pigment.
- n. Any of the shades of brown produced by umber in its various states.
- adj. Of or related to umber.
- adj. Having a brownish color.
- v. To darken with or as if with umber.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Shade.
- n. A fish, the grayling. See Thymallus.
- n. The umber-bird.
- n. Same as umbrel, 3.
- n. A natural pigment somewhat resembling an ocher, but darker and browner, due to the presence of oxid of manganese. It probably originally came from Umbria in Italy, but now the best varieties come from Cyprus. The natural earth is called
raw umber. When it is heated to almost a red heat in a furnace, the brown hydrated oxid of iron is changed into the red oxid of iron, and the pigment becomes redder and deeper in color, and is called burnt umber. Both these umbers are very important colors, both for artists and in house-painting. They are permanent, pure in tone, and of great service in making various tints.
- Of a brown color; dark; dusky.
- To color with umber, or as with umber; shade or darken.
- n. a brown clay, somewhat darker than ochre, which contains iron and manganese oxides.
- n. Alternative form of umbrere.
- adj. Of a reddish brown colour, like that of the pigment.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Paint.) A brown or reddish pigment used in both oil and water colors, obtained from certain natural clays variously colored by the oxides of iron and manganese. It is commonly heated or burned before being used, and is then called burnt umber; when not heated, it is called raw umber. See Burnt umber, below.
- n. obsolete An umbrere.
- n. (Zoöl.) See Grayling, 1.
- n. (Zoöl.) An African wading bird (Scopus umbretta) allied to the storks and herons. It is dull dusky brown, and has a large occipital crest. Called also
umbrette, umbre, and umber bird.
- adj. Of or pertaining to umber; resembling umber; olive-brown; dark brown; dark; dusky.
- v. To color with umber; to shade or darken.
- adj. of the color of any of various natural brown earth pigments
- n. an earth pigment
- n. a medium brown to dark-brown color
- French (terre d') ombre or Italian (terra di) ombra, shadow (earth), both possibly from alteration (influenced by French ombre and Italian ombra, shadow) of Latin Umbria, a region of ancient Italy. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“I overpainted that once with raw umber, which is a dark yellowish brown, and on top of that I put mixtures of yellow ochre, and then I scratched through all the layers with a piece of metal comb. ”
“No, burnt umber, which is the colour of the tattered shorts my dad used to wear.”
“Anyway, that grass … I overpainted that once with raw umber, which is a dark yellowish brown, and on top of that I put mixtures of yellow ochre, and then I scratched through all the layers with a piece of metal comb. ”
“And our flesh maketh us say to Christ, In thine umber, that is, in thy passion, in which Jesu Christ was obscure, dark and despised, we shall live by continual memory.”
“-- "Dark sooty brown above, slightly tinged with deep umber, which is most distinct on the sides of the head and neck, and in reflected light; the under parts are like the upper, only the brown tint is almost absent; the whiskers are black, and tail very sparsely haired" (_Anderson_).”
“Since then there have been also discovered umber, which is an earth-colour, giallo santo,  the smalts both for fresco and for oils, and some vitreous greens and yellows, wherein the painters of that age were lacking.”
“To compensate for its thus fading, it should be mixed with pigments that are permanent, such as umber and lamp black.”
“Despite concerns about inflation and corruption, the n umber of foreign companies that invested in India rose to an unprecedented $16.9 billion in the first quarter of this year.”
“Less expensive than those in the castle, the room had umber walls, peridot-colored quilted drapes and a fireplace topped by a plasma TV.”
“I thought I wanted a dark green but then saw a slab of streakily wavering, striated peach and grey and umber that resembled ancient dry riverbeds seen from the air.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘umber’.
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poetry in motion - words at work.
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