Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Black vomit: a term adopted by Sauvages to denote the occurrence of dark-colored, grumous, and pitchy evacuations, generally accompanied by vomiting of black-colored bloody matter. The black vomit in yellow fever is a morbid secretion mixed with blood from the lining membrane of the stomach and small intestines.
- n. The discharge from the anus of dark, tarry, and altered blood, the result of intestinal hemorrhage.
- n. alternative spelling of melena.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Med.) A discharge from the bowels of black matter, consisting of altered blood.
- n. abnormally dark tarry feces containing blood (usually from gastrointestinal bleeding)
“The petechiae may give way to ecchymoses (like a petechial rash, but covering larger areas) and other haemorrhagic phenomena such as melaena (bleeding from the upper bowel, passed as altered blood in the faeces), haematuria (blood in the urine), epistaxis”
“The most important are humpback (Megaptera novaeangliae), fin, minke, sei, sperm, and pilot whales (Globicephala melaena).”
“Baleen whales like bowhead (Balaena mysticetus), minke, fin, grey (Eschrichtius robustus), pilot (Globicephala melaena), and other larger whales are also a valued source of food.”
“But non-indigenous people also commercially harvest a variety of species at smaller scales, such as minke whales in Norwegian waters, belugas in the White Sea, and pilot whales (Globicephala melaena) in the Faroe Islands.”
“Ruppell's chat (Myrmecocichla melaena) and Ankober serin (Serinus ankoberensis) are two notable near-endemics.”
“The remaining indigenous mammals are all marine, comprising whales and seals, and include Southern right whale (Balaena glacialis), rare sightings of sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus), orca (Orcinus orca), the most common whale observed at Macquarie Island, and long fin pilot whale (Globicephala melaena), the only other whale to be seen in any numbers around Macquarie Island.”
“The more common marine mammals that can be observed from the park, albeit with a diminishing frequency in recent years include pilot whale Globicephala melaena, minke whale Balaenoptera autorostrata, finback whale B. physalus (V) and harbour seals Phoca vitulina.”
“Long-finned Pilot Whales (Globicephala melaena) are killed annually, mainly during the summer.”
“The Abyssinian longclaw is considered near-endemic to this ecoregion, as are the moorland chat (Cercomela sordida), Abyssinian waxbill (Estrilda ochrogaster), moorland francolin (Francolinus psilolaemus), Rueppell's chat (Myrmecocichla melaena), ankober serin (Serinus ankoberensis), and spot-breasted lapwing (Vanellus melanocephalus).”
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