American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A comma-shaped bone of the human wrist, located in the first row of carpals.
- n. A concave bone of the human foot, located between the talus and the metatarsals.
- adj. Shaped like a boat; scaphoid.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Relating to small ships or boats; shaped like a boat; cymbiform. Specifically
- In anatomy, scaphoid: applied to certain bones of the hand and foot. See II.
- In entomology, oblong or ovate, with a concave disk and raised margins, as the bodies of certain insects.
- In botany, resembling or belonging to the genus Navicula; boat-shaped.
- n. In anatomy:
- n. The scaphoid bone of the carpus; the radiale, or bone of the proximal row on the radial side of the wrist. See cut under hand.
- n. The scaphoid bone of the tarsus, a bone of the proximal row, on the inner or tibial side, in special relation with the astragalus and the cuneiform bones. See cut under foot.
- n. A large transversely extended sesamoid bone developed in the tendon of the deep flexor, at the back of the distal phalangeal articulation of the foot of the horse, between the coronary and the coffin-bone. See cut under fetter-bone.
- adj. Shaped like a boat.
- n. anatomy A navicular bone.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a boat or ship.
- adj. Shaped like a boat; cymbiform; scaphoid.
- n. (Anat.) The navicular bone.
- n. the largest wrist bone on the thumb side
- adj. shaped like a boat
- From Latin nāvicula, boat, diminutive of nāvis, ship; see nāu- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“He told the court Mr Ladhams failed to reveal during negotiations for the sale that Sound Action had undergone extensive treatment for what is known as a "navicular" problem in her front hooves.”
“If the foot be forcibly extended, the head of the talus appears as a rounded prominence on the medial side of the dorsum; just in front of this prominence and behind the tuberosity of the navicular is the talonavicular joint.”
“1819 Moorcroft made it even plainer still that he was fully acquainted with what we now know as navicular disease.”
“It may accompany chronic diseases of the foot, such as navicular disease and side-bones.”
“_ -- Horses knuckling at the fetlock, and all those with diseases which impair the powers of locomotion, such as navicular disease, contracted heels, sidebones, chronic laminitis, etc., are predisposed to sprains of the fetlock.”
“navicular' have in reality been nothing more than contraction brought about by one or other of the causes we shall afterwards enumerate -- cases where a due attention to the prime cause of the mischief would, in all likelihood, have remedied the lameness.”
“For the price of admission, you not only get to see the competitions, but there are lectures on navicular, the pre-purchase exam, growing and baling your own hay, and equine ulcers.”
“On the cart lay the following: proximal and distal portions of a left femur; a fragment of proximal left fibula; two fragments of left tibia, one proximal, the other distal, including the mangled malleolus; a portion of left pelvis extending from the pubic bone out into the blade; the talus, navicular, and third and second cuneiforms from a left foot.”
“The “hobbit” navicular bone is more akin to that found in great apes, which means that these hominins lacked an arch and were not efficient long-term runners.”
“But the pivotal clue comes from the navicular bone, an important tarsal bone that helps form the arch in a modern human foot.”
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