American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of or relating to the hyoid bone.
- n. The hyoid bone.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Having the form of Greek letter upsilon,
υ. In biology and embryology it is applied to the bony or hard parts developed in the second postoral visceral arch of the embryo, this being called the hyoid or hyoidean arch or apparatus, as distinguished from preceding mandibular or succeeding branchial parts.
- n. The tongue-bone or os linguæ); the hyoidean bone or collection of bones: so called from its shape in man. In man it is embedded in the muscles of the root of the tongue, lying nearly horizontal with its convexity forward, usually about on a level with the lower border of the under jaw, considerably above the Adam's apple; but it is displaced in every act of swallowing. This horseshoe-shaped arch forms the bony basis of the tongue. (See cut under
mouth.) No fewer than 10 muscles arise from or are inserted into it; and it is besides suspended from the skull by the stylohyoid ligament, and connected with the larynx by the thyrohyoid membrane and ligament, and with the epiglottis by the hyo-epiglottic ligament. Its comparatively small size and simple structure in man are unusual; in most animals the bone is either relatively larger, or consists of a number of separate bones, indications of which are found in the human species in the several ossific centers from which the bone originates. Thus, the body of the human hyoid is the basihyal; the lesser cornua or horns are the ceratohyals, and the greater cornua are the thyrohyals. (See cut under skull.) In a saurop-sidan, as a bird, the so-called hyoid bone is the whole skeleton of the tongue, consisting of several parts developed in a branchial arch, as well as hyoidean parts properly so called. These parts are the basihyal, glossohyal, and ceratohyal or epihyal of thehyoidean arch proper; with the urohyal or basibranchial, the epibranchial, and the ceratobranchial, these three belonging to a branchial arch, and the last two of them being commonly known as the thyrohyal or greater cornu of the hyoid bone. The elements of the hyoid bone of an osseous fish are the basihyal, glossohyal, urohyal, epihyal, ceratohyal, and stylohyal.
- adj. Shaped like a U, or like the letter upsilon; specifically, designating a bone or group of bones supporting the tongue.
- n. The hyoid bone.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Having the form of arch, or of the Greek letter upsilon [Υ].
- adj. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the bony or cartilaginous arch which supports the tongue. Sometimes applied to the tongue itself.
- n. The hyoid bone.
- adj. of or relating to the hyoid bone
- n. a U-shaped bone at the base of the tongue that supports the tongue muscles
- From French hyoïde, from modern Latin hyoides, from Ancient Greek ὑοειδής (huoeidēs, "shaped like the letter υ"). (Wiktionary)
- New Latin hȳoīdēs, the hyoid bone, from Greek hūoeidēs, shaped like the letter upsilon : hū, upsilon + -oeidēs, -oid. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Under the lower jaw is a little horseshoe shaped bone called the hyoid bone, because it is shaped like the Greek letter upsilon (Υ).”
“A small bone in the neck of the skeletal remains recovered in the Chandra Levy investigation had been broken, but a Smithsonian expert who examined the bone, known as the hyoid, testified Tuesday afternoon that it was impossible to say how the fracture occurred.”
“Finally, a tendon-like filament called the hyoid encompasses the woodpecker's skull and helps dissipate vibration, while also supporting the tongue and throat.”
“One bone that's very strong and very difficult to find in remains is called the hyoid bone, which, if broken, would indicate strangulation.”
“The first of these is called the hyoid arch (c.h.), and the four following this, the first (br. 1), second, third, and fourth”
“The hyoid arch becomes attached, to the otic capsule, and its median ventral plate, including also the vestiges of the first, second, and fourth branchial arches, is called the hyoid apparatus.”
“The labium was the equivalent of the hyoid, the labial palps and maxillipedes the equivalent of the "hyoid" elements which form the branchial arches.”
“Hunt testified that the hyoid bone, found in the neck, had been broken.”
“Prosecutors have been unable in recent weeks to locate the hyoid bone among the evidence collected in the case, and that has led defense attorneys to try to limit the scope of questioning about the bone.”
“Hunt said that when the hyoid does break during strangulation, the victim is typically older than Levy, who was 24 when she disappeared in May 2001.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘hyoid’.
"Luciferous Logolepsy is a collection of over 9,000 obscure English words. Though the definition of an 'English' word might seem to be straightforward, it is not. There exist so many adopted, deriv...
With thanks to quinn for the idea, seen here. It's true that most diseases cannot double as names for baby boysâ€”but some can. And anyway in their absence I nominate (thanks to Colon/Colin) body p...
I'm wading through Patrick O'Brian's Aubrey/Maturin novels one by one, and someday, I'll wade through them again and list all the words I learned while reading them.
Edit: I started ma...
I have a list for words learned from Newsweek; here's where I keep all the stuff from other shit I read.
Except when I'm looking stuff up and find new words that way. Those go on their...
shapely adjectives and descriptors
Words meaning upsilon-shaped
Looking for tweets for hyoid.