from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The system of patronage to senior positions in the bureaucracy of the Soviet Union and some other Communist states, controlled by committees at various levels of the Communist Party.
- n. The lists of appointees matching the lists of patronage positions in such a system.
- n. The appointees to these positions: "The . . . nomenklatura are perceived as draft-immune” ( Anthony Arnold).
- n. The stratified, privileged class composed of these appointees.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The system of bureaucratic patronage in the former Soviet Union.
- n. The lists of appointments in this system, and the people on such lists.
- n. The upper echelons of Soviet society.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the system of patronage in communist countries; controlled by committees in the Communist Party
Russian, from Latin nōmenclātūra, list of names; see nomenclature.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Russian номенклатура (nomenklatúra), from Latin nomenclatura ("a calling by name, list of names"), from nomen ("name") + calare ("call") (Wiktionary)