from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The state or quality of being palatalized, of pronouncing a sound with the tongue against the palate of the mouth that normally is not.
- n. An instance of pronunciation in which a sound is palatalized.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A making palatal; a conversion (especially of gutturals) into palatal sounds, as of k into ch, g into j, s into sh.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The -i- neighbouring s also would motivate the later palatalization of the sibilant to ś.
The names shared between Etruscan and Latin show no such palatalization either in these stops.
The Altaic forms with word-initial sibilant in place of expected *t- are surely caused by pre-Altaic palatalization before high front vowels as has also apparently occurred in its second person pronominal forms.
So it seems clear to me that the former is the result of palatalization before /i/, an extremely common phenomenon among languages.
Rob: "So it seems clear to me that the former is the result of palatalization before /i/, an extremely common phenomenon among languages."
I never once contested this and that Japanese chi is the result of palatalization is of course an inarguable fact.
I'd be delighted to know what your solution to this conundrum might be since it assuredly has nothing to do with +front environments or palatalization.
Darya Kavitskaya in Compensatory Lengthening: Phonetics, Phonology, Diachrony (2002) relates her own story about perceptual metathesis on page 48 in footnote 8: "Indeed, in teaching Russian to American students, I noticed many instances of palatalization of the consonant being heard as some kind of diphthongal property of the preceding vowel, for example, [banʲa] 'bath' was misheard and pronounced as [baʲnʲa] or even [bajna]." (link here).
So it appears very strongly that the source of all instances of Proto-Altaic *r₂ lies in the early palatalization originating from a neighbouring *i in a Pre-Altaic stage.
Glen: Hahaha, yes, and curiously also Tocharian had its own seperate palatalization as it moved eastwards.
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