Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of several small insects of the genus Phylloxera that are related to aphids, especially P. vitifoliae, a widely distributed species very destructive to grape crops.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An aphid, of the genus Phylloxera, that is very destructive to grape vines
  • n. The diseased condition of a vine caused by this aphid.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A small hemipterous insect (Phylloxera vastatrix) allied to the aphids. It attacks the roots and leaves of the grapevine, doing great damage, especially in Europe.
  • n. The diseased condition of a vine caused by the insect just described.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A genus of plant-lice or homopterous insects of the family Aphididæ and. subfamily Chermesinæ, usually of gall-making habits.
  • n. [lowercase] A member of this genus, especially the species just named, known as the grape-vine phylloxera and vine-pest, the worst enemy of the European or vinifera grape.
  • n. A genus of lepidopterous insects

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. type genus of the Phylloxeridae: plant lice

Etymologies

New Latin Phylloxēra, genus name : Greek phullo-, phyllo- + Greek xēros, dry.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek φύλλον (phyllon, "leaf") + ξηρός (xeros, "dry") (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • In the 19th century, a plague of insects called phylloxera decimated the vines used to grow wine grapes in Europe.

    Blessing the Garden

  • These galls are caused by small insects known as phylloxera, which are closely related to aphids, or plant lice.

    Northern Nut Growers Association Report of the Proceedings at the 43rd Annual Meeting Rockport, Indiana, August 25, 26 and 27, 1952

  • In 1863 it partially recovered, under the free use of sulphur; but now it has been ravaged by the more dangerous phylloxera, which is spreading far faster than Mr. Henry Vizetelly supposes.

    To the Gold Coast for Gold A Personal Narrative in Two Volumes.—Volume I

  • Read More Drinking Now: Synchronicity Its downfall came in the form of two fungal diseases that ripped through the vineyards—first oidium, which at the height of its powers, effects grape ripening; followed by phylloxera, a root-feeding aphid that destroys vines.

    The Grape of Good Hope

  • Following the phylloxera outbreak in 1918, the Co-operative Wine Growers Association KWV was created to help protect the Cape's wine industry by setting minimum prices and limiting production.

    The Grape of Good Hope

  • The effects of the vine-eating louse phylloxera and the construction of the Paris-to-Marseilles railway line in the mid-19th century, which opened Paris up to wines from farther afield, conspired to hit its production.

    The Draw of Chablis

  • It was actually one of the first regions in Spain to experience mass-production in the 19th century, when its proximity to Barcelona and the French market whose wine industry was struggling under devastating effects of the vine-eating louse phylloxera provided a ready market for its wine.

    Iberia's Hidden Gems

  • Prum sees the massive bridge and roadway project as the biggest threat to the area since the great, late-19th century phylloxera insect epidemic that ravaged European vineyards.

    Massive Bridge Project Divides German Winemakers

  • Disaster hit 100 years ago in the form of the phylloxera insect pest that spread from mainland Europe and wiped out production, until a group of local farmers revived the tradition in the 1990s by importing vines from Italy.

    Mapping Mallorca

  • Eighty years after absinthe came on the market, it exploded in popularity, thanks to a bug called phylloxera that in 1870 began chewing its way through the root stocks of vineyards all over the country, almost destroying the French wine industry in the process.

    The green fairy loses her mystique

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Comments

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  • See citation on wine.

    February 3, 2011

  • Bithynios had never been a big village, but in 1922 it was smaller than ever. People had begun to leave in 1913, when the phylloxera blight ruined the currants.
    --Jeffrey Eugenides, 2002, Middlesex, p. 28

    August 6, 2008