Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To get back; regain.
  • transitive v. To restore (oneself) to a normal state: He recovered himself after a slip on the ice.
  • transitive v. To compensate for: She recovered her losses.
  • transitive v. To procure (usable substances, such as metal) from unusable substances, such as ore or waste.
  • transitive v. To bring under observation again: "watching the comet since it was first recovered—first spotted since its 1910 visit” ( Christian Science Monitor).
  • intransitive v. To regain a normal or usual condition, as of health.
  • intransitive v. To receive a favorable judgment in a lawsuit.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To get back, regain (a physical thing lost etc.).
  • v. To return to, resume (a given state of mind or body).
  • v. To reach (a place), arrive at.
  • v. To restore to good health, consciousness, life etc.
  • v. To get better from; to get over.
  • v. To get better, regain one's health.
  • v. To regain one's composure, balance etc.
  • n. A position of holding a firearm during exercises, whereby the lock is at shoulder height and the sling facing out.
  • v. To cover again.
  • v. To add a new roof membrane or steep-slope covering over an existing one.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Recovery.
  • intransitive v. To regain health after sickness; to grow well; to be restored or cured; hence, to regain a former state or condition after misfortune, alarm, etc.; -- often followed by of or from
  • intransitive v. To make one's way; to come; to arrive.
  • intransitive v. To obtain a judgement; to succeed in a lawsuit.
  • transitive v. To cover again.
  • transitive v. To get or obtain again; to get renewed possession of; to win back; to regain.
  • transitive v. To make good by reparation; to make up for; to retrieve; to repair the loss or injury of.
  • transitive v. To restore from sickness, faintness, or the like; to bring back to life or health; to cure; to heal.
  • transitive v. To overcome; to get the better of, -- as a state of mind or body.
  • transitive v. To rescue; to deliver.
  • transitive v. To gain by motion or effort; to obtain; to reach; to come to.
  • transitive v. To gain as a compensation; to obtain in return for injury or debt; ; to obtain title to by judgement in a court of law; ; to gain by legal process.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To cover again or anew. Sometimes written distinctively re-cover.
  • To regain; get or obtain again (after it has been lost).
  • To restore from sickness, faintness, or the like; cure; heal.
  • To repair the loss or injury of; retrieve; make up for: as, to recover lost time.
  • To rescue; save from danger.
  • To reach by some effort; get; gain; find; come to; return to.
  • To reconcile; reëstablish friendly relations with.
  • In law, to obtain by judgment in a court of law or by legal proceedings: as, to recover lands in ejectment; to recover damages for a wrong, or for a breach of contract.
  • In hunting, to start (a hare) from her cover or form.
  • To fetch; deal.
  • To restore to a previous state.
  • To recoup one's self.
  • Synonyms and To get back, repair, recruit, recuperate, reëstablish.
  • To regain health after sickness; grow well again: often followed by of or from.
  • To regain a former state or condition, as after misfortune or disturbance of mind: as, to recover from a state of poverty or depression. In this sense formerly and still sometimes used elliptically without from.
  • To come; arrive; make one's way.
  • To obtain a judgment at law; succeed in a lawsuit: as, the plaintiff has recovered in his suit.
  • In manufacturing, to save; keep what had formerly been thrown away: as, to recover the by-products in a gas-plant.
  • n. Recovery.
  • n. In boating, the movement of the body by which a rower reaches forward from one stroke in preparation for the next: as, the bow oar is slow in the recover.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. cover anew
  • v. regain or make up for
  • v. get over an illness or shock
  • v. get or find back; recover the use of
  • v. regain a former condition after a financial loss
  • v. reuse (materials from waste products)

Etymologies

Middle English recoveren, from Old French recoverer, from Latin recuperāre; see recuperate.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Anglo-Norman recoverer and Old French recovrer, from Latin recuperare. (Wiktionary)
re- +‎ cover. (Wiktionary)

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