American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Tourmaline, especially black tourmaline.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A term used by early mineralogists to embrace a large group of crystallized minerals: later limited to common black tourmalin. Schorl is closely connected with granite, in which it often occurs, especially in tin-producing regions, schorl being a frequent associate of the ores of this metal.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Min.) Black tourmaline.
- n. black tourmaline
- German Schörl. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The lowest range above Djidda is calcareous; but its rocks soon change into gneiss, and a species of granite, with schorl in the place of feldspath, accompanied by predominant masses of quartz, and some mica.”
“Structurally, therefore, these isles are a continuation of Land's End, but the granite has become less consistent and more friable; it is largely broken into felspar, quartz, and mica, with schorl, chlorite, and hornblende.”
“Numerous other minerals are at times mistaken for tin, the most common of which are tourmaline or schorl, garnet, wolfram (which is a tungstate of iron with manganese), rutile or titanic acid, blackjack or zinc blende, together with magnetic, titanic, and specular iron in fine grains.”
“This is more especially true of chlorite, schorl, hornblende and augite.”
“Roche hermitage in Cornwall occupies a spire of rocks of schorl that shoots 100 feet above the surrounding moor.”
“The granite is dark red, often inclosing veins of quartz, crystallized and compact, and likewise well-formed crystals of schorl.”
“If the stuff does not answer the magnet, it is probably schorl (tourmaline), hornblende, or dark quartz.”
“I observed neither hornblende, black schorl, nor rutile titanite, in this granite.”
“I saw distinctly that, wherever they crossed each other, the veins containing mica and black schorl traversed and drove out of their direction those which contained only white quartz and feldspar.”
“We are ignorant of the extent of the cavities which subterranean fires and volcanic agitations may have produced in the bowels of the earth in those primitive rocks, which, containing considerable quantities of amphibole, mica, garnet, magnetic iron-stone, and red schorl (titanite), appear to be anterior to granite.”
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