from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A complex crystalline silicate containing aluminum, boron, and other elements, used in electronic instrumentation and, especially in its green, clear, and blue varieties, as a gemstone.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A complex black or dark coloured borosilicate mineral.
- n. A transparent gemstone cut from it.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A mineral occurring usually in three-sided or six-sided prisms terminated by rhombohedral or scalenohedral planes. Black tourmaline (schorl) is the most common variety, but there are also other varieties, as the blue (indicolite), red (rubellite), also green, brown, and white. The red and green varieties when transparent are valued as jewels.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a mineral that is a complex borosilicate and hydroxide of aluminum containing iron and magnesium and calcium and lithium and sodium; it is usually black but occurs in transparent colored forms that are used as gemstones
French, from Sinhalese toramalli, carnelian.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Either directly from Sinhalese tóramalli 'carnelian', or via a cognate: German Turmalin, Portuguese tormalina, or French tourmaline (Wiktionary)