from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A name shared in common to identify the members of a family, as distinguished from each member's given name. Also called family name, last name.
- n. A nickname or epithet added to a person's name.
- transitive v. To give a surname to.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A name that indicates to which family a person belongs, normally following that person’s given name(s) in Western culture, and preceding it in Eastern.
- v. To give a surname.
- v. To call by a surname.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A name or appellation which is added to, or over and above, the baptismal or Christian name, and becomes a family name.
- n. An appellation added to the original name; an agnomen.
- transitive v. To name or call by an appellation added to the original name; to give a surname to.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An additional name, frequently descriptive, as in Harold Harefoot; specifically, a name or appellation added to the baptismal or Christian name, and becoming a family name. See to-name.
- To name or call by an additional name; give a surname to. See name.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the name used to identify the members of a family (as distinguished from each member's given name)
Middle English, partial translation of Old French surnom : sur-, sur- + nom, name.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English, from Old French sour-, sur-, from Latin super ("over, above, beyond"), from base Proto-Indo-European *uper (“over”), the comparative of the base Proto-Indo-European *upo (“under”); sur- + name. (Wiktionary)