American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of, belonging to, or restricted to a limited area or neighborhood; local.
- adj. Relating to or being a local road.
- adj. Mineralogy Approximating, resembling, or taking the place of a fundamental crystalline form or face.
- adj. Chemistry Of or relating to the consecutive positions of substituted elements or radicals on a benzene ring.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In organ. chem., noting the proximity, in the molecule of a cyclic compound, of two or more substituting groups or atoms. It is used especially of derivatives of benzene having groups in the positions 1,2,3.
- Near; neighboring. [Rare.]
- adj. Of or pertaining to a neighborhood; neighboring.
- adj. chemistry Describing identical atoms or groups attached to nearby (especially adjacent) atoms in a molecule.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Near; vicine.
- adj. (Organic Chem.) Having the substituted groups on the same carbon atom.
- adj. belonging to or limited to a vicinity
- From Latin vīcīnālis. (Wiktionary)
- Latin vīcīnālis, from vīcīnus, neighboring; see vicinity. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“If I were to follow my poor Joliet through all his transmigrations and metempsychoses, as I have learned them by his hints, allusions and confessions, I should show him by turns working a rope ferry, where the stupid and indolent cattle, whose business it is to draw men, were drawn by him; then letter-carrier; supernumerary and call-boy in a village theatre; road-mender on a vicinal route; then a beadle,”
“A people has, therefore, a twofold location, an immediate one, based upon their actual territory, and a mediate or vicinal one, growing out of its relations to the countries nearest them.”
“What is the difference between a natural and a vicinal location?”
“The stronger the vicinal location, the more dependent is the people upon the neighboring states, but the more potent the influence which it can, under certain circumstances, exert upon them.”
“He made a fire and began to broil them; the bride searched the vicinal woods for dried branches to feed the fire.”
“The contrasted grouping is reflected in both, the lower animals and the peoples inhabiting these respectively vicinal and remote lands.”
“The more alike the components of such a vicinal group of people, the easier, freer and more effective will be the mediating function of the central one.”
“The forms of vicinal location thus far considered presuppose a compact or continuous distribution, such as characterizes the more fertile and populous areas of the earth.”
“Here location at the two extremities of the peninsula has involved a striking difference in ethnic infusions in the two districts, different historical careers owing to different vicinal grouping, and dissimilar geographic conditions.”
“It is otherwise in states of very simple vicinal grouping, coupled with only a single country or at best two.”
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