Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • proper noun The State of Israel, a modern country in the Middle East, at the eastern shore of the Mediterranean.
  • proper noun The Land of Israel, a region that is roughly coextensive with the State of Israel.
  • proper noun historical A nation that occupied roughly the same area in ancient times.
  • proper noun historical An ancient kingdom that occupied the northern part of this area, as distinct from Judah.
  • proper noun The Jews, taken collectively.
  • proper noun biblical A name given to Jacob (Genesis 32:28).
  • proper noun A male given name.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Saul around 1025 BC and destroyed by the Assyrians in 721 BC
  • noun Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Hebrew יִשְׂרָאֵל (yisra'él, "Israel"), which, in Biblical Hebrew, means "he who wrestles with God" (a Biblical name for Jacob after he wrestles with an adversary).

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