from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Hinduism The individual soul or essence.
  • n. Hinduism The essence that is eternal, unchanging, and indistinguishable from the essence of the universe.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The soul; one's true self.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The life principle, soul, or individual essence.
  • n. The universal ego from whom all individual atmans arise. This sense is a European excrescence on the East Indian thought.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The soul as it is conceived by the Brahman philosophers: the existence of it is denied by the Buddhists. The soul of the universe is equally called atman.


Sanskrit ātman, breath, spirit.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Sanskrit आत्म‍ (Ātmā, "wind, breath, soul"), from Proto-Indo-European (compare Old English ǣþm ("breath")). (Wiktionary)



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  • atman is brahman=]

    February 10, 2009