from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A school of psychology that confines itself to the study of observable and quantifiable aspects of behavior and excludes subjective phenomena, such as emotions or motives.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. an approach to psychology focusing on behavior, denying any independent significance for mind and assuming that behavior is determined by the environment
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. an approach to psychology that emphasizes observable measurable behavior.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an approach to psychology that emphasizes observable measurable behavior
You and I both know why Skinner's behaviorism is classified as 'failed' – because once upon a time (on the order of years, rather than many decades or centuries) it was popular.
The example I mentioned involving the control of mass human behaviorism is already a highly topical one, even though this may appear far-fetched.
There seem to be only two well-known theories from the history of the philosophy of mind that have not been attributed to him, namely behaviorism and functionalism.
The study of speech acts is indeed the study of a certain kind of human behavior, but for that reason it is in conflict with any form of behaviorism, which is conceptually incapable of studying human behavior.
No. It makes sense that an evolutionary biologist would get it right -- natural selection is an ideal example of a functional contextualist explanation (another is radical behaviorism, which is too often dismissed by those who have ignorantly confused it with methodological behaviorism).
By the 1920s, a new school of psychology called behaviorism suggested that cuddling wailing infants would "condition" them to become lifelong crybabies.
And: Pay-for-performance is an outgrowth of behaviorism, which is focused on individual organisms, not systems - and, true to its name, looks only at behaviors, not at reasons and motives and the people who have them.
The real methodological statement of "behaviorism" in economics is not the Friedman essay, but the Stigler/Becker piece "De Gustibus Non Est Disputandum" AER.
Another factor was the allure of reductionistic theories such as behaviorism and rational choice theory.
Wanting psychology to be a more precise science, researchers in the field of psychology turned to physics and created "behaviorism", which is based upon Newton's one-way cause effect mechanics.