from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Philosophy A doctrine contending that sense perceptions are the only admissible basis of human knowledge and precise thought.
- n. Philosophy The application of this doctrine in logic, epistemology, and ethics.
- n. Philosophy The system of Auguste Comte designed to supersede theology and metaphysics and depending on a hierarchy of the sciences, beginning with mathematics and culminating in sociology.
- n. Philosophy Any of several doctrines or viewpoints, often similar to Comte's, that stress attention to actual practice over consideration of what is ideal: "Positivism became the 'scientific' base for authoritarian politics, especially in Mexico and Brazil” ( Raymond Carr).
- n. The state or quality of being positive.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A doctrine that states that the only authentic knowledge is scientific knowledge, and that such knowledge can only come from positive affirmation of theories through strict scientific method, refusing every form of metaphysics.
- n. Practical spirit, sense of reality, concreteness.
- n. A school of thought in jurisprudence in which the law is seen as separated from moral values, i.e. the law is posited by lawmakers (humans).
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A system of philosophy originated by M. Auguste Comte, which deals only with positives. It excludes from philosophy everything but the natural phenomena or properties of knowable things, together with their invariable relations of coexistence and succession, as occurring in time and space. Such relations are denominated laws, which are to be discovered by observation, experiment, and comparison. This philosophy holds all inquiry into causes, both efficient and final, to be useless and unprofitable.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Actual or absolute knowledge.
- n. [capitalized] The Positive philosophy (which see, under positive).
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a quality or state characterized by certainty or acceptance or affirmation and dogmatic assertiveness
- n. the form of empiricism that bases all knowledge on perceptual experience (not on intuition or revelation)
But this positivism is a dead-end: The same impulse of stripping away conceit characterized modern architecture.
In other words, false positivism is easy, but it is a lie.
a small set of men, some of whom are possessed of great ability and have accomplished much, but as a religion in any adequate sense of the word positivism will be admitted a failure by its most sincere adherents.
Yes, I’d say logical positivism is the closest thing to what I agree with.
In this sense also it is good for me to read chaps like Thomas Hardy who draw all the wrong conclusions and yet write good poetry while coming under the influence of a certain positivism (now who was I reading that was mentioning that sort of thing?
Otherwise it seems you end up in logical positivism, which is relf-refuting.
Otherwise it seems you end up in logical positivism, which is self-refuting.
Meanwhile Saint-Simon's secretary, Auguste Comte (17981857), developed his scientific thought and founded the philosophy known as positivism (Cours de philosophie positive, six volumes, 183042; Système de politique positive, four volumes, 185154).
The naive faith that they are a single thing, and the only way to truth, is an ideology that used to be called positivism and is now called scientism.
But this stringency, which is called positivism when the conditions of welfare are understood, becomes fanaticism when they are misrepresented.