from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Enjoyment of vigorous health and physical drives.
  • n. Indifference to all but the physical appetites.
  • n. The doctrine that humans are merely animals with no spiritual nature.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The doctrine that humans are merely animals, and lack any spirituality
  • n. The enjoyment of physical appetites

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The state, activity, or enjoyment of animals; mere animal life without intellectual or moral qualities or objectives; preoccupation with sensual, physical, or carnal pleasures.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The state of a mere animal; the state of being actuated by sensual appetites only, and not by intellectual or moral forces; sensuality.
  • n. The exercise of animal faculties; animal activity.
  • n. A mere animal; specifically, a human being dominated by animal qualities and passions.
  • n. In physiology, same as animalculism.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the doctrine that human beings are purely animal in nature and lacking a spiritual nature
  • n. preoccupation with satisfaction of physical drives and appetites


Sorry, no etymologies found.



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