Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Scots A firth.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Peace; security.
  • n. Sanctuary, asylum.
  • v. To protect; guard.
  • v. To inclose; fence in, as a forest or park.
  • n. a wood, woodland, forest; undergrowth, brushwood
  • n. Alternative form of firth.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A narrow arm of the sea; an estuary; the opening of a river into the sea. Also called firth.
  • n. A kind of weir for catching fish.
  • n. A forest; a woody place.
  • n. A small field taken out of a common, by inclosing it; an inclosure.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Peace; security; freedom from molestation.
  • n. A treaty or agreement of peace made between two contending kingdoms or districts.
  • n. A piece of land inclosed for the preservation of game; a park or forest for game; hence, a forest or woody place in general; a hedge; a coppice.
  • n. A small field taken out of a common.
  • n. Ground overgrown with bushes or underwood; a field which has been taken from woods.
  • To protect; guard.
  • To inclose; fence in, as a forest or park.
  • n. A narrow arm of the sea; an estuary; the opening of a river into the sea: used specifically in Scotland only, where firth is the commoner form: as, the Firth of Forth; the Frith of Clyde.
  • n. A kind of weir for catching fish; a kind of net.

Etymologies

Alteration of firth.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English frithien, from Old English friþian ("to give frith to, make peace with, be at peace with, cherish, protect, guard, defend, keep, observe"), from Proto-Germanic *friþōnan (“to make peace, secure, protect”), from Proto-Indo-European *prēy-, *prāy- (“to like, love”). Cognate with Scots frethe, freith ("to set free, liberate"), Danish frede ("to have peace, protect, inclose, fence in"), Swedish freda ("to cover, protect, quiet, inclose, fence in"), Icelandic friða ("to make peace, preserve"). (Wiktionary)
From Middle English frith, firth ("forest, game preserve"), from Old English fyrhþe, fyrhþ ("forest, sparse woodland, game preserve"), from Proto-Germanic *furhiþja- (“fir-wood, forest”), from Proto-Indo-European *perkʷu- (“coniferous forest, mountain forest, wooded height”). Cognate with Old High German forst, foreht ("forest"), Old Norse fȳri ("pine-wood, coniferous forest"), Old English fyrh ("fir, pine"). More at forest. (Wiktionary)
See firth. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The frith is the Dumfries-shire Solway, the castle a

    Red Cap Tales Stolen from the Treasure Chest of the Wizard of the North

  • Should the writer use 'frith' instead of 'peace', or 'burh' instead of 'fort', or 'cyrtel' instead of 'dress', or 'hegge' instead of 'fence'?

    Archaic terminology in historical fiction

  • The punishment of one who was guilty of breaking his "frith" was practically banishment or death.

    London and the Kingdom - Volume I

  • A complete code of ordinances, regulating this "frith" or peace gild, as it was called, drawn up by the bishops and reeves of the burgh, and confirmed by the members on oath, is still preserved to us. (

    London and the Kingdom - Volume I

  • These differed from their predecessors, the religious or frith guilds, by being established primarily for the purpose of obtaining and maintaining the privilege of carrying on trade.

    The Guilds

  • Subsequent enactments down to the time of Athelstan 925-940 show that they soon developed into frith guilds or peace guilds, associations with a corporate responsibility for the good conduct of their members and their mutual liability.

    The Guilds

  • The Clyde we left a little on our left-hand at Dunbritton, where it widens into an aestuary or frith, being augmented by the influx of the Leven.

    The Expedition of Humphry Clinker

  • Talbot then gave the young man a letter to the commander of one of the English vessels of war cruising in the frith, requesting him to put the bearer ashore at Berwick, with a pass to proceed to — — shire.

    Waverley

  • Brave sons of the mountain, the frith, and the lake!

    Waverley

  • And so the cause efficient remaining, it would have continually followed along our coasts through the narrow seas, which it doeth not, but is digested about the north of Labrador by some through passage there through this frith.

    The North-West Passage

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