from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Resembling glass, as in translucence or transparency; glassy.
- n. Something that is translucent or transparent.
- n. Variant of hyalin.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Glassy, transparent; amorphous.
- n. Anything glassy, translucent or transparent; the sea or sky.
- n. A clear translucent substance in tissues.
- n. The main constituent of the walls of hydatid cysts; a nitrogenous body, which, by decomposition, yields a dextrogyrate sugar, susceptible to alcoholic fermentation.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Glassy; resembling glass; consisting of glass; transparent, like crystal.
- n. A poetic term for the sea or the atmosphere.
- n. The pellucid substance, present in cells in process of development, from which, according to some embryologists, the cell nucleus originates.
- n. The main constituent of the walls of hydatid cysts; a nitrogenous body, which, by decomposition, yields a dextrogyrate sugar, susceptible of alcoholic fermentation.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Glassy; resembling glass; consisting of glass; crystalline; transparent: as, the hyaline or crystalline lens of the eye.
- n. A glassy or transparent substance or surface.
- n. Specifically— The hyaloid membrane of the eye. See hyaloid.
- n. Hyaline cartilage. See cartilage.
- n. A pellucid substance which determines the spontaneous division of cells or originates cell-nuclei; hyaloplasm.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. resembling glass in transparency or translucency
- n. a glassy translucent substance that occurs in hyaline cartilage or in certain skin conditions
At the time, the malady was called hyaline membrane disease because glassy membranes were found in autopsies of infants who had gasped for breath and quickly died.
Respiratory distress syndrome also known as hyaline membrane disease occurs when the underdeveloped lungs of the premature infant cannot expand and contract as they should with each inspiration.
Two other daughters preceding Dominique died in infancy from a lung disease once common in cesarean births known as hyaline membrane disease.
I have no idea if that particular review is really where I first came encountered "hyaline", or if there's some conspiratorial agreement among critics that they should always describe Sontag's writing that way.
Also called RDS or hyaline membrane disease, respiratory distress syndrome is a condition of premature infant lungs due to insufficient sufactant (see surfactant).
Hyaline, in the context of the book, refers to the glassy surface of the ocean, i.e., "the lovely glistening hyaline waters."
I've met catenate, hyaline, and fecundate, just not often.
Hmm... a bit of Googling produces this short book review by Charles Solomon, which has the line: "As an essayist, Didion lacks the hyaline profundity of Susan Sontag or the classical erudition of Marguerite Yourcenar ..."
Suffering from acute hyaline membrane disease, the infant named after the first member of the JFK family to arrive in America was immediately placed in an incubator and taken to the postnatal intensive care unit.
A third child, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, was born August 7, 1963; his death of hyaline membrane disease on August 9, caused intense grief for both parents.