from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • transitive verb To acquire or come into (something usually undesirable); sustain.
  • transitive verb To become liable or subject to as a result of one's actions; bring upon oneself.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • To run upon; impinge upon; run against or strike.
  • To encounter, as some undesirable or injurious consequence; become liable or subject to through one's own action; bring upon one's self: as, to incur liabilities.
  • To enter; pass; occur; come to pass.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • intransitive verb obsolete To pass; to enter.
  • transitive verb To meet or fall in with, as something inconvenient, harmful, or onerous; to put one's self in the way of; to expose one's self to; to become liable or subject to; to bring down upon one's self; to encounter; to contract
  • transitive verb obsolete To render liable or subject to; to occasion.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • verb To bring upon or expose oneself to, especially something inconvenient, harmful, or onerous; to become liable or subject to.
  • verb To render somebody liable or subject to.
  • verb obsolete, transitive To enter or pass into.
  • verb obsolete, intransitive To fall within a period or scope; to occur; to run into danger.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • verb make oneself subject to; bring upon oneself; become liable to
  • verb receive a specified treatment (abstract)


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English incurren, from Old French encorir, from Latin incurrere, to run upon : in-, on; see in– + currere, to run; see kers- in Indo-European roots.]


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