from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Of or on a shore, especially a seashore.
  • noun A coastal region; a shore.
  • noun The region or zone between the limits of high and low tides.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Of or pertaining to a shore, as of the sea or a great lake; frequenting or living near the shore: as, littoral trade; littoral fishes or vegetation.
  • Situated or bordering on a shore: as, the Littoral Provinces (Litorale or Küstenland), a division of Austria on the east coast of the Adriatic.
  • noun A littoral tract or region; the part of a country lying along the coast.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective Of or pertaining to a shore, as of the sea.
  • adjective (Biol.) Inhabiting the seashore, esp. the zone between high-water and low-water mark.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective of or relating to the shore, especially the seashore.
  • noun A shore.
  • noun The zone of a coast between high tide and low tide levels.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun the region of the shore of a lake or sea or ocean
  • adjective of or relating to a coastal or shore region


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Latin lītorālis, from lītus, lītor-, shore. N., from Italian littorale, from Latin lītorālis.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Late Latin littoralis, from litoris (genitive of litus). The doubled 't' is a late medieval addition, and the more classical litoral is also sometimes found.



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  • "Shallow water fish or literal zone fish: These fishes lives and survive in shallow water near the shore line."

    --Jack Mitchell, Central Florida Bass Fishing: The Thrill"

    December 4, 2007

  • "A Long Littoral" was one of the assets of a successful country described by President T. Roosevelt.

    August 19, 2008

  • That gal had a great pair of littorals. I could lick her littorals...literally...with my lingua.

    P.S. This word has a most respectable Latin origin.

    Now imagine vacationing at Myrtle Littoral. Or West Palm Littoral...licking all those littorals. Sand on the lingua .....yuck@@##!

    August 19, 2008

  • Logos? Eew.

    August 19, 2008

  • Not an absolutely blemishless Latin origin though. The Latin word was lītus, lītor- "shore" and developed a variant writing littus for no good reason. The opposite happened with littera "letter", which had a ne'er-do-well variant lītera. In both cases the non-standard Latin words have prevailed, giving rise to English 'littoral' but 'literal', and likewise in other modern languages.

    August 19, 2008

  • :-)

    August 19, 2008

  • I was thinking the same thing, rt.

    August 19, 2008

  • by the see shure

    January 9, 2009

  • Before the pelagic & benthic. The shore. From the high water mark to the continental shelf; includes the splash, intertidal, and neritic.

    November 21, 2011