Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A narrow ledge or shelf, as along the top or bottom of a slope.
  • noun Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, & West Virginia The shoulder of a road.
  • noun A raised bank or path, especially the bank of a canal opposite the towpath.
  • noun A nearly horizontal or landward-sloping portion of a beach, formed by the deposition of sediment by storm waves.
  • noun A mound or bank of earth, used especially as a barrier or to provide insulation.
  • noun The flat space between the edge of a ditch and the base of a fortification.
  • transitive verb To provide with a berm or berms.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun A narrow ledge; specifically, in fortification, a space of ground or a terrace from 3 to 5 feet in width, left between the rampart and the moat or foss, designed to receive the ruins of the rampart in the event of a bombardment, and to prevent the earth from filling the foss.
  • noun The bank or side of a canal which is opposite to the towing-path. Also called berm-bank.
  • noun In railroad engin., the narrow horizontal plane between the foot of the embankment or excavation slope and the top of the slope of the side-ditch.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun (Fort.) A narrow shelf or path between the bottom of a parapet and the ditch.
  • noun (Engineering) A ledge at the bottom of a bank or cutting, to catch earth that may roll down the slope, or to strengthen the bank.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun A narrow ledge or shelf, as along the top or bottom of a slope
  • noun A raised bank or path, especially the bank of a canal opposite the towpath
  • noun A terrace formed by wave action along a beach
  • noun A mound or bank of earth, used especially as a barrier or to provide insulation
  • noun A ledge between the parapet and the moat in a fortification
  • noun A strip of land between a street and sidewalk (regional)
  • verb To provide something with a berm

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun a narrow ledge or shelf typically at the top or bottom of a slope
  • noun a narrow edge of land (usually unpaved) along the side of a road

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[French berme, from Dutch berm, from Middle Dutch bærm, berme.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Dutch berm, cognate of English brim.

Examples

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