from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
- noun The quality or condition of being parallel.
- noun Correspondence or similarity.
- noun Grammar The use of identical or equivalent syntactic constructions in corresponding clauses or phrases.
- noun Philosophy The doctrine that to every mental change there corresponds a concomitant but causally unconnected physical alteration.
from The Century Dictionary.
- noun A parallel position, in any sense of the word parallel.
- noun The retention by a moving line of positions parallel to one another.
- noun Analogy.
- noun Specifically The correspondence resulting from the repetition of the same sentiment or imagery, sense, or grammatical construction: a marked feature of Hebrew poetry.
- noun A parallel or comparison.
- noun The opinion that the relation between the brain and the mind, although it is one of concomitant variation, is not the relation of cause and effect; the opinion that mental process and brain process are parallel events, and that they do not interact.
- noun In evolution, the independent development of similar species or types of animals in different regions.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun The quality or state of being parallel.
- noun Resemblance; correspondence; similarity.
- noun Similarity of construction or meaning of clauses placed side by side, especially clauses expressing the same sentiment with slight modifications, as is common in Hebrew poetry; e. g.: -- At her feet he bowed, he fell: Where he bowed, there he fell down dead. Judg. v. 27.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun The state or condition of being
parallel; agreementin direction, tendency, or character.
- noun The state of being in agreement or
similarity; resemblance, correspondence, analogy.
- noun A parallel
position; the relationof parallels.
- noun rhetoric, grammar The
juxtapositionof two or more identicalor equivalent syntactic constructions, especially those expressing the same sentimentwith slight modifications, introduced for rhetoricaleffect.
- noun philosophy The
doctrinethat matterand minddo not causally interactbut that physiologicalevents in the brainor bodynonetheless occur simultaneouslywith matching events in the mind.
- noun law In
antitrustlaw, the practice of competitorsof raising prices by roughly the same amount at roughly the same time, without engaging in a formal agreement to do so.
- noun biology Similarity of features between two
speciesresulting from their having taken similar evolutionarypaths following their initial divergencefrom a common ancestor.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun similarity by virtue of corresponding
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
In my opinion, parallelism is more of a rhetorical technique than an absolute syntactic necessity.
Yes, I certainly agree that parallelism is one of the biggest fundamental challenges we have to make more headway on.
Everyone from schoolchildren to undergraduates to businessfolk are exhorted to maintain parallelism in writing and speech:
Umbreit for "watering," &c., translates; "Brightness drives away the clouds, His light scattereth the thick clouds"; the parallelism is thus good, but the Hebrew hardly sanctions it.
Thus the parallelism is best carried out in all the three clauses of the verse, and there is a similar play on sounds in each, in the Hebrew Gath, resembling in sound the Hebrew for "declare"; Acco, resembling the
The two most solemn facts of our being are here connected with the two most gracious truths of our dispensation, our death and judgment answering in parallelism to
The clauses stand in parallelism; each two are connected as a pair, and form an antithesis turning on the opposition of heaven to earth; the order of this antithesis is reversed in each new pair of clauses: flesh and spirit, angels and Gentiles, world and glory; and there is a correspondence between the first and the last clause: "manifested in the flesh, received up into glory"
Yet men smote and spat on them (Isa 50: 6). bed -- full, like the raised surface of the garden bed; fragrant with ointments, as beds with aromatic plants (literally, "balsam"). sweet flowers -- rather, "terraces of aromatic herbs" -- "high-raised parterres of sweet plants," in parallelism to "bed," which comes from a
Euphrates (answering in parallelism to "Assyria") [Maurer].
But the parallelism is that of one clause complementing the other, "the inhabitant" or subject here answering to "him that holdeth the scepter" or ruler there, both ruler and subject alike being cut off.