Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • transitive verb To disqualify or seek to disqualify (a judge or juror) from participation in the decision in a case, as for personal prejudice against a party or for personal interest in the outcome.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • To refuse; reject; specifically, in law, to reject or challenge (a judge or juror) as disqualified to act.
  • noun In numismatics, a coin which, owing to the shifting of the die or dies, has been struck twice and thus bears a double impression.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • intransitive verb To withdraw oneself from serving as a judge or other decision-maker in order to avoid a real or apparent conflict of interest; -- often used with the reflexive.
  • transitive verb (Law), obsolete To refuse or reject, as a judge; to challenge that the judge shall not try the cause.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • verb transitive To refuse or reject (a judge); to declare that the judge shall not try the case or is disqualified to act.
  • verb intransitive, of a judge To refuse to act as a judge; to declare oneself disqualified to act.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • verb disqualify oneself (as a judge) in a particular case
  • verb challenge or except to a judge as being incompetent or interested, in canon and civil law

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English recusen, from Old French recuser, from Latin recūsāre : re-, re- + causa, cause.]

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