from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The state of being redundant.
  • noun Something redundant or excessive; a superfluity.
  • noun Repetition of linguistic information inherent in the structure of a language, as singularity in the sentence It works.
  • noun Excessive wordiness or repetition in expression.
  • noun The state or fact of being unemployed because work is no longer offered or considered necessary.
  • noun A dismissal of an employee from work for being no longer necessary; a layoff.
  • noun Electronics Duplication or repetition of elements in electronic equipment to provide alternative functional channels in case of failure.
  • noun Repetition of parts or all of a message to circumvent transmission errors.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun Same as redundance.
  • noun Synonyms Verbosity, Tautology, etc. (see pleonasm); surplusage.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun The state of being redundant; a superfluity; something redundant or excessive; a needless repetition in language; excessive wordiness.
  • noun Duplication of components or circuits to provide survival of the total system in case of failure of single components.
  • noun Duplication of parts of a message to guard against transmission errors.
  • noun chiefly UK, Australia, New Zealand The state of being unemployed because one's job is no longer necessary; the dismissal of such an employee; a layoff.
  • noun law surplusage inserted in a pleading which may be rejected by the court without impairing the validity of what remains.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun repetition of an act needlessly
  • noun repetition of messages to reduce the probability of errors in transmission
  • noun (electronics) a system design that duplicates components to provide alternatives in case one component fails
  • noun the attribute of being superfluous and unneeded


Sorry, no etymologies found.


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