from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The state of being redundant.
  • n. Something redundant or excessive; a superfluity.
  • n. Repetition of linguistic information inherent in the structure of a language, as singularity in the sentence It works.
  • n. Excessive wordiness or repetition in expression.
  • n. Chiefly British The state or fact of being unemployed because work is no longer offered or considered necessary.
  • n. Chiefly British A dismissal of an employee from work for being no longer necessary; a layoff.
  • n. Electronics Duplication or repetition of elements in electronic equipment to provide alternative functional channels in case of failure.
  • n. Repetition of parts or all of a message to circumvent transmission errors.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The state of being redundant; a superfluity; something redundant or excessive; a needless repetition in language; excessive wordiness.
  • n. Duplication of components or circuits to provide survival of the total system in case of failure of single components.
  • n. Duplication of parts of a message to guard against transmission errors.
  • n. The state of being unemployed because one's job is no longer necessary; the dismissal of such an employee; a layoff.
  • n. surplusage inserted in a pleading which may be rejected by the court without impairing the validity of what remains.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Same as redundance.
  • n. Synonyms Verbosity, Tautology, etc. (see pleonasm); surplusage.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. repetition of an act needlessly
  • n. repetition of messages to reduce the probability of errors in transmission
  • n. (electronics) a system design that duplicates components to provide alternatives in case one component fails
  • n. the attribute of being superfluous and unneeded


Sorry, no etymologies found.



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