from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A white ceremonial vestment made of linen or lawn, worn by bishops and other church dignitaries.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A linen garment resembling the surplise, but with narrower sleeves, also without sleeves, worn by bishops, and by some other ecclesiastical dignitaries, in certain religious ceremonies.
  • n. A frock or outer garment worn in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.
  • n. The red gurnard, or gurnet. See gurnard.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To invest with a rochet.
  • n. Originally, a short cloak worn by men of all degrees, also by women (in this case frequently a white linen outer garment).
  • n. Eccles., a close-fitting vestment of linen or lawn, worn by bishops and some others.
  • n. Hence, a bishop: also used attributively.
  • n. A mantelet worn by the peers of England during ceremonies.
  • n. A kind of fish, the roach or piper gurnard.


Middle English, from Old French, of Germanic origin.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)



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  • "Now then, here's a prior. We know him, too, from the violet rochet he wears, as do all canons of Saint Augustine."
    Mistress of the Art of Death by Ariana Franklin, p 2 of the Berkley paperback edition

    February 24, 2012

  • (n.): A religious vestment consisting of an over-tunic usually made of fine white linen, cambric, or fine cotton material, that extends to the knees.

    September 19, 2009