Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The study of the nature of God and religious truth; rational inquiry into religious questions.
  • n. A system or school of opinions concerning God and religious questions: Protestant theology; Jewish theology.
  • n. A course of specialized religious study usually at a college or seminary.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The study of God, or a god, or gods, and the truthfulness of religion in general.
  • n. An organized method of interpreting spiritual works and beliefs into practical form.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The science of God or of religion; the science which treats of the existence, character, and attributes of God, his laws and government, the doctrines we are to believe, and the duties we are to practice; divinity; (as more commonly understood) “the knowledge derivable from the Scriptures, the systematic exhibition of revealed truth, the science of Christian faith and life.”

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The science concerned with ascertaining, classifying, and systematizing all attainable truth concerning God and his relation to the universe; the science of religion; religious truth scientifically stated.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth
  • n. a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings
  • n. the learned profession acquired by specialized courses in religion (usually taught at a college or seminary)

Etymologies

Middle English theologie, from Old French, from Latin theologia, from Greek theologiā : theo-, theo- + -logiā, -logy.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French theologie, teologie, from Latin theologia, from Ancient Greek θεολογία (theologia),see theo- + -logy. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • _theology_, and this theology is a continual insult to the reason of man.

    Good Sense

  • I was hired, worked there for eight years -- and decided to return to school, this time to get my Masters in theology from a Catholic institution.

    "Gee... This road looks awfully familiar..."

  • They strike me as being about how we practice as religious people, not about what we believe which, for my purposes, is the stress I'm laying on the term theology for this discussion.

    Philocrites: News about UUA, Bay Area marketing campaigns.

  • The atheist who refuses to engage in such projection may well be theologically more sophisticated - although, alas, the term theology is also tainted for so many of them, that they may not believe I mean this as a compliment!

    Theology And A Handshake

  • Fathers, strictly limiting the term theology to doctrine about God, distinguished it from the doctrine of His external activity, especially from the Incarnation and Redemption, which they included under the name of the "Divine economy".

    The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume 14: Simony-Tournon

  • I afterwards came to learn that the term theology was by them quite misunderstood, and that they had some crude conceptions that nothing was taught at Oxford but the black arts, which ridiculous idea prevailed over all the south of Scotland.

    The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner

  • If by the term theology I understand the cognition of a primal being, that cognition is based either upon reason alone (theologia rationalis) or upon revelation (theologia revelata).

    The Critique of Pure Reason

  • I also heard a report that I am trying to track down that Clinton and Carter are going up against the Southern Baptists saying their theology is a bit too strict.

    Sound Politics: "Ample provision" is a function of both funding and expenses

  • If his theology is a self-contradictory mishmash of slangy gibberish, he will write essays like Hohstadt's.

    December Christian Science Fiction/Fantasy Blog Tour Day 2

  • Now, he is an ordained minister, of course, but he has been trying not to comment on the campaign trail about what he calls the theology of Mormonism, even though some of his supporters are very critical of the religion.

    CNN Transcript Dec 12, 2007

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