from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Transfer of genetic material or characteristics from one bacterial cell to another by the incorporation of bacterial DNA into a bacteriophage.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The transfer of genetic material from one bacterial cell to another by a bacteriophage or plasmid
- n. The process whereby a transducer converts energy from one form to another
- n. The conversion of a stimulus from one form to another
- n. The conversion of energy (especially light energy) into another form, especially in a biological process such as photosynthesis or in a transducer
- n. A form of inference involving reasoning from one specific case to another (compare induction)
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The act of conveying over.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act of leading or carrying over.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. (genetics) the process of transfering genetic material from one cell to another by a plasmid or bacteriophage
- n. the process whereby a transducer accepts energy in one form and gives back related energy in a different form
They can receive them via phages, viruses that infect bacteria, which is called transduction.
We could indeed show that lambda-mediated transduction is based on the formation of substitution mutants, which had replaced a part of the phage genes by genes from the bacterial chromosome.
In relation to DNA, hereditary changes are now known to take place as a consequence of mutation, or of the introduction of new genetic material through virus infection (as in transduction) or directly (as in transformation).
Vectors derived from adeno-associated virus (AAV) are promising candidates for neural cell transduction in vivo because they are nonpathogenic and achieve long-term transduction in the central nervous system.
Much of the cellular machinery involved with such biological processes is controlled by a command control and communication system called signal transduction, which is mainly controlled by a process called phosphorylation.
Stem cell-based gene transfer, an ex vivo procedure commonly known as transduction, offers a potential means to cure these diseases through the permanent integration of potentially therapeutic genes into the hematopoietic stem cells of the patient.
These include mutation and selection techniques; the use of natural gene transfer methods such as transduction, conjugation and transformation; and, more recently, genetic engineering.
SLAM-enriched hematopoietic stem cells maintain long-term repopulating capacity after lentiviral transduction using an abbreviated protocol.
Efficient transduction of liver and muscle after in utero injection of lentiviral vectors with different pseudotypes.
Specifically in this case, the wide ranging re-use of domains in SH2 proteins suggests that these domains are incredibly useful for the transduction of signals, they may actually constitute a "parts-list" for the core processes (in this case). zach: