Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Burned; scorched.
  • adj. Archaic Browned by the sun; sunburned.
  • adj. Archaic Melancholy in appearance or temperament; gloomy.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Inflamed or scorched; fiery.
  • adj. Looking as if or scorched; sunburnt.
  • adj. Having much heat in the constitution and little serum in the blood. [Obs.] Hence: Atrabilious; sallow; gloomy.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Dusty.
  • Burned; scorched; become dry by heat; hot and fiery.
  • Looking as if burned or scorched.
  • In pathology, having much heat: said of the blood and other fluids of the body; hence, ardent; sanguine; impetuous.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. burned brown by the sun
  • adj. dried out by heat or excessive exposure to sunlight

Etymologies

Middle English, from Latin adustus, past participle of adūrere, to set fire to : ad-, ad- + ūrere, to burn.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle French aduste, and its source, Latin adūstus ("burnt, scorched"), past participle of adūrere. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • These symptoms vary according to the mixture of those four humours adust, which is unnatural melancholy.

    Anatomy of Melancholy

  • His complexion was of the kind which used to be called adust -- burnt up with inner fires; his visage was long and somewhat harshly designed, very apt, it would seem, to the expression of hitter ironies or stern resentments, but at present bright with friendly pleasure.

    The Emancipated

  • What if the Iranians actually see Israel as an expansionist power seeking to adust its borders at the expense of fellow Muslims.

    On Thursday, the Legg report will be published along with...

  • But the other sorts of saving and investment adust to the budget deficit.

    Sumner's FAQ, Bryan Caplan | EconLog | Library of Economics and Liberty

  • When I returned today from the College, I was surprised to see a broad grin distending the adust countenance of the faithful James Wilkinson, which, as the circumstance seldom happens above once a year, was matter of some surprise.

    Redgauntlet

  • But if it be stopped, and cannot have his way, it becometh adust, and thereby malign and venomous.

    The Essays

  • Purgetur si ejus dispositio venerit ad adust, humoris, et phlebotomizetur.

    Anatomy of Melancholy

  • The temperature of the brain is corrupted by it, the humours adust, the eyes made to sink into the head, choler increased, and the whole body inflamed: and, as may be added out of Galen, 3. de sanitate tuendo,

    Anatomy of Melancholy

  • Those usual signs appearing in the bodies of such as are melancholy, be these cold and dry, or they are hot and dry, as the humour is more or less adust.

    Anatomy of Melancholy

  • If it proceed from blood adust, or that there be a mixture of blood in it, [2562] such are commonly ruddy of complexion, and high-coloured, according to

    Anatomy of Melancholy

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Comments

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  • JM adjusts adust additions so they cheer up a bit.

    June 13, 2010