American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Mental retardation.
- n. Lack of development of intellectual capacity as a result of inadequate brain tissue.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Imbecility of mind; idiocy or dotage. Formerly sometimes called amenty.
- n. Mental impairment; state of being mentally handicapped.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Med.) Imbecility; total lack of understanding.
- n. extreme mental retardation
- From Latin āmentia ("madness; senselessness"), from āmēns ("mad, insane; foolish"), from ab ("from, away from") + mēns ("mind"). (Wiktionary)
- Latin āmentia, madness, senselessness, from āmēns, āment-, insane; see ament2. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“= Cretinism = is a form of amentia, which is endemic in certain districts, especially in some of the valleys of Switzerland, Savoy, and France.”
“In dementia the mental aberration does not occur until the mind has become fully developed, thus differing from amentia, which is congenital or comes on very early in life.”
“Sometimes the speech is adequate in amount but conveys little information because it is overconcrete, overabstract, repetitive, or stereotyped (poverty of content). amentia Subnormal development of the mind, with particular reference to intellectual capacities; a type of severe mental retardation. anosognosia The apparent unawareness of or failure to recognize oneâ€ ™ s own functional defect apathy Lack of feeling, emotion, interest, or concern.”
“Tantamque victoriam amentia hominum consequuti sunt, ut si colligere in unum velis, universum orbem istis scelestibus spiritibus subjectum fuisse invenies: Usque ad Salvaloris adventum hominum caede perniciosissimos daemones placabant, &c.”
“Acute miliary tuberculosis may produce the impression of a general paresis or of an amentia in Meynert's sense.”
“According to Ziehen, most of these nephritic psychoses run the course of what he calls hallucinatory paranoia (it may be remembered that Ziehen counts among paranoias a number of acute diseases and even so-called Meynert's amentia).”
“Binswanger states that tuberculosis, aside from miliary tuberculosis or meningitis, produces no mental disorder except phenomena of the amentia of exhaustion.”
“A conversation with almost any rural teacher will impress upon one the fact that the teacher is loath to declare feeble-minded a child whose records give unmistakable evidence of amentia and that she generally regards the child as merely dull.”
“The information gathered indicates that epilepsy and the neurotic predisposition to insanity need to be investigated as well as amentia,  and that the epileptics and neurotics, even among rural children, are more numerous than is usually supposed.”
“Illegitimacy holds in the problem of rural feeble-mindedness the same position that prostitution occupies in urban amentia.”
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