American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A two-handled jar with a narrow neck used by the ancient Greeks and Romans to carry wine or oil.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Among the Greeks and Romans, a vessel, usually tall and slender, having two handles or ears, a narrow neck, and generally a sharp-pointed base for insertion into a stand or into the ground: used for holding wine, oil, honey, grain, etc. Amphoræ were commonly made of hard-baked clay, unglazed; but Homer mentions amphoræ of gold; the Egyptians had them of bronze; and vessels of this form have been found in marble, alabaster, glass, and silver. The stopper of a wine-filled amphora was covered with pitch or gypsum, and among the Romans the title of the wine was marked on the outside, the date of the vintage being indicated by the names of the consuls then in office. Amphoræ with painted decoration, having lids, and provided with bases enabling them to stand independently, served commonly as ornaments among the Greeks, and were given as prizes at some public games, much as cups are now given as prizes in racing and athletic sports. The Panathenaic amphoræ were large vases of this class, bearing designs relating to the worship of Athena, and, filled with oil from the sacred olives, were given at Athens as prizes to the victors in the Panathenaic games.
- n. A liquid measure of the Greeks and Romans. The Greek amphora was probably equal to 24¼ liters, and the Roman amphora to 25½ liters in earlier and to 26 liters in later times.
- n. In botany, the permanent basal portion of a pyxidium.
- n. [capitalized] [NL.] In zoology: A genus of Polygastrica. Ehrenberg. A genus of coleopterous insects. Wollaston.
- n. countable A two handled jar with a narrow neck that was used in ancient times to store or carry wine or oils.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Among the ancients, a two-handled vessel, tapering at the bottom, used for holding wine, oil, etc.
- n. an ancient jar with two handles and a narrow neck; used to hold oil or wine
- From Latin amphora, from Ancient Greek ἀμφορεύς (amphoreus, "vased shaped ornament with a narrow neck"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Latin, from Greek amphoreus, short for amphiphoreus : amphi-, amphi- + phoreus, bearer (from pherein, to bear. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“A single character combining a question mark and an exclamation - called an interrobang - didn't catch on because it doesn't read well in small sizes and never made it to standard keyboards, while, thanks to email addresses, the @, also known as an amphora, has become ubiquitous.”
“It's home to one of the most influential innovative winemakers around, Francesco Gravner, who has resurrected old, militantly natural techniques, such as amphora maturation.”
“Created in 1963, the cup was either originally supposed to be called the "amphora" cup or be a play on that word.”
“I remembered this one more or less, with the grapes and the "amphora".”
“The @ symbol was also used as an abbreviation for "amphora", the unit of measurement used to determine the amount held by the large terra cotta jars that were used to ship grain, spices and wine. discovered this use of the @ symbol in a letter written in 1536 by a Florentine trader named Francesco Lapi.”
“amphora," a measuring device used by local tradesmen.”
“Arp's painted-wood bas-relief "La Femme-amphore" (1929), in which a small figurative form, like a kernel, floats through the womb-like bowl of an amphora, speaks to Brancusi's curled-up ovoid "The Newborn (Version I)" (1920).”
“Then she remembered seeing her last colored amphora, the last trace of her artwork, in pieces on the floor in the entryway.”
“It has thrown up the largest collection of high-quality stamped tableware, glass beads, semi-precious stones, amphora shreds, a canoe and what seems to be a pier.”
“Here, Ms. Mertens shares details about a 13-inch-tall terra cotta neck-amphora — a type of storage jar — made in Athens around 540 B.C.”
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A collection of words found in English that are either purely Greek or have Greek etymology.
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Stuff that holds other stuff.
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A somewhat discriminatory list of words and phrases collected for their euphonic or arcane appeal, interesting etymology, or concise definition of an otherwise unnamed phenomenon or concept.
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