American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of several usually hairy Old World plants, especially in the genera Anchusa, Brunnera, and Echium, having blue or violet flowers.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The popular name of the plant Anchusa officinalis. The small wild bugloss is Asperugo procumbens; the viper's-bugloss, Echium vulgare; the small bugloss, Lycopsis arvensis; and the sea-bugloss, Mertensia maritima. They are all boraginaceous plants, with rough leaves. Also called
- n. botany Any of several plants in the borage family, Boraginaceae.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A plant of the genus Anchusa, and especially the Anchusa officinalis, sometimes called
- n. widespread European weed with spiny tongue-shaped leaves and yellow flowers; naturalized in United States
- n. perennial or biennial herb cultivated for its delicate usually blue flowers
- From French buglosse, from Latin buglossa, buglossus, from Ancient Greek βούγλωσσον (bouglōssos, "Anchusa italica"), βούς (bous, "ox") + γλωσσον (glosson, "tongue") (Wiktionary)
- Middle English buglosse, from Old French, from Late Latin būglōssa, from Latin būglōssos, from Greek bouglōssos : bous, ox; see gwou- in Indo-European roots + glōssa, tongue. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Bird's-foot trefoil and bugloss, poppies and cornflowers, fumitory and fleabane – there were about 20 species all in bloom and, aside from the great surge of colour, the highlight for me was the bumblebees, mainly common carder and red-tailed bumblebees, that trafficked through the flowers all day long.”
“Into view comes an express steam locomotive pulling a long rake of timber carriages between the clumps of sea kale and viper's bugloss.”
“A few kilometers outside the Park and summit area, congenerics found include the legume Adenocarpus foliosus, the bugloss Echium virescens and the daisy Argynantemum frutescens.”
“The species endemic to the mountain include its two most representative species, sticky broom Adenocarpus viscosus and the widespread Teide white broom Spartocytisus supranubius, also Teide violet Viola cheiranthifolia which grows up to the summit, Teide edelweiss Gnaphalium teydeum, dwarf bugloss Echium auberianum, the thistle Stemmacantha cynaroides and the Teide catmint Nepeta teydia var. albiflora.”
“Other Canary Island endemics are shrubby scabious Pterocephalus lasiospermus, Teide daisy Argynanthemum teneriffae, red bugloss Echium wildpretti, flixweed Descurainia bourgeauana and D. lemsii, Canary Island wallflower Erisimon scoparius and Canary Island wall lettuce Tolpis webbii.”
“Lit. “enamelled or painted with anchusa or alkanet,” a plant, the wild bugloss, whose root yields a red dye.”
“June come pinks of all sorts, specially the blushpink; roses of all kinds, except the musk, which comes later; honeysuckles; strawberries; bugloss; columbine; the French marigold, flos”
“After a purge, 3 or 4 grains of bezoar stone, and 3 grains of ambergris, drunk or taken in borage or bugloss water, in which gold hot hath been quenched, will do much good, and the purge shall diminish less (the heart so refreshed) of the strength and substance of the body.”
“Borage and bugloss, sovereign herbs against melancholy; their wines and juice most excellent”
“Some are of opinion that all raw herbs and salads breed melancholy blood, except bugloss and lettuce.”
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