from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. An abnormal condition variously characterized by stupor, stereotypy, mania, and either rigidity or extreme flexibility of the limbs. It is most often associated with schizophrenia.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A severe psychiatric condition, often associated with schizophrenia, characterized by a tendency to remain in a rigid state of stupor for long periods which give way to short periods of extreme agitation
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. an abnormal behavioral syndrome characterized by stupor, negativism, and muscular rigidity, sometimes alternating with purposeless excitement, and seen most frequently in schizophrenia; called also catatonic schizophrenia.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. See katatoma.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. extreme tonus; muscular rigidity; a common symptom in catatonic schizophrenia
- n. a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement
New Latin, from German Katatonie, from Greek katatonos, stretching tight, from katateinein, to stretch tight : kata-, intensive pref.; see cata- + teinein, to stretch; see ten- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)