Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of numerous, mostly Eurasian plants of the genus Chrysanthemum in the composite family, many of which are cultivated as ornamentals for their showy radiate flower heads.
  • n. A flower head of one of these plants.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Any of many flowering perennial plants, of the genus Chrysanthemum, native to China, that have showy radiate heads.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A genus of composite plants, mostly perennial, and of many species including the many varieties of garden chrysanthemums (annual and perennial), and also the feverfew and the oxeye daisy.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A plant of the genus Chrysanthemum.
  • n. [capitalized] [NL.] A large genus of composite plants, chiefly natives of Europe, Asia, and northern Africa.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the flower of a chrysanthemum plant
  • n. any of numerous perennial Old World herbs having showy brightly colored flower heads of the genera Chrysanthemum, Argyranthemum, Dendranthema, Tanacetum; widely cultivated

Etymologies

Latin chrȳsanthemum, from Greek khrūsanthemon, gold flower : khrūs-, khrūso-, chryso- + anthemon, flower (from anthos).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek χρυσός (khrusos, "gold") and ἄνθεμον (anthemon, "flower"), from ἄνθος (anthos, "flower"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Short stories, for all the dazzling diversity of the genre, are of two general types: those that yield their meanings subtly, quietly, and are as nuanced and delicate and without melodrama as the unfolding of miniature blossoms in Japanese chrysanthemum tea, and those that explode in the reader's face.

    The New York Review of Books

  • FLOWERS are raised everywhere in great variety and in great abundance, and the chrysanthemum is the emblem of the country and is used on postage stamps.

    Up To Date Business Home Study Circle Library Series (Volume II.)

  • In addition, a green vegetable dubbed chrysanthemum coronarium from Taitung was found to contain Acetamiprid, also a new insecticide, and the same vegetable from Taichung County, central Taiwan, was found to have Dimethomorph, a systematic morpholine fungicide.

    China Post Online - Taiwan , News , Taiwan newspaper

  • That does happen from time to time, as when it was decided several years ago to change the classification of the plant some of us still call chrysanthemum, but which is now officially named dendranthema.

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  • In 2004, having selected three of these styles, each of which requires a different kind of chrysanthemum variety and an entirely different cultivation technique, Ms. Kurashina and her colleagues at NYBG began the intricate task of growing and training the flowers from tiny cuttings in order to master every detail affecting their growth and bloom.

    An Ambitious Celebration

  • It wasn't "chrysanthemum," and he'd waited till Carson wasn't there and I was worrying about something else.

    Futures Imperfect

  • The white feathers were raised and displayed so that the spot flashed like the "chrysanthemum" on a prongbuck whose curiosity has been aroused.

    Through the Brazilian Wilderness

  • "Both the sword and the chrysanthemum are a part of the picture.

    Pajiba

  • We dropped in slices of onion and cabbage and enoki and chrysanthemum leaves for long simmering to enrich the broth.

    Sukiyaki at Kappo

  • Compounding matters, the discovery of higher-than-standard levels of iodine-131 in shungiku, or garland chrysanthemum, sold in Tokyo may stoke fears that contamination of the nation's food supply has expanded far beyond the perimeters of the nuclear facility.

    Radiation in Food Rises

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Comments

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  • "Our motor-car sped along the boulevards and the avenues, whose rows of houses, a pink congelation of sunshine and cold, reminded me of my visits to Mme Swann in the soft light of her chrysanthemums, before it was time to ring for the lamps."
    --The Captive & The Fugitive by Marcel Proust, translated by C.K. Scott Moncrieff and Terence Kilmartin, revised by D.J. Enright, p 216 of the Modern Library paperback edition

    January 11, 2010


  • We've got a new maid called Chrysanthemum
    Who said 'I have just come from Grantham, m'm.
    I lost my last place
    In the sorest disgrace,
    Cuz I snored through the national anthem, m'm.'

    January 5, 2009

  • "In place of the abstract expressions 'the time when I was happy,' 'the time when I was loved,' which he had often used before then without suffering too much since his intelligence had not embodied in them anything of the past save fictitious extracts which preserved none of the reality, he now recovered everything that had fixed unalterably the specific, volatile essence of that lost happiness; he could see it all: the snowy, curled petals of the chrysanthemum which she had tossed after him into his carriage, which he had kept pressed to his lips—the address 'Maison Dorée; embossed on the note-paper on which he had read 'My hand trembles so as I write to you'—the contraction of her eyebrows when she said pleadingly: 'You won't leave it too long before getting in touch with me?'; he could smell the heated iron of the barber whom he used to have singe his hair while Loredan went to fetch the little seamstress; could feel the showers which fell so often that spring, the ice-cold homeward drive in his victoria, by moonlight; all the network of mental habits, of seasonal impressions, of sensory reactions, which had extended over a series of weeks its uniform meshes in which his body found itself inextricably caught."
    -- Swann's Way by Marcel Proust, translated by C.K. Scott Moncrieff and Terence Kilmartin, pp 375-376 of the Vintage International paperback edition

    January 23, 2008

  • I never heard that before, sionnach, but wouldn't it be because the chrysanthemum is a symbol of Japan? I know the navy in WWII put enormous gold chrysanthemums on the bows of their ships. (Some of them were 7-8 feet across.) I can't think of a similar term in reference to any western monarchies, but surely there is one...?

    October 22, 2007

  • It has always puzzled me why the Japanese throne is referred to as the chrysanthemum throne.

    October 22, 2007

  • Video Scene (seconds 3:41-3:48) // Transcript

    SCENE: The schoolhouse.
    MR. PHILLIPS: Alright, let's begin the spelling bee. Miss Andrews, can you give us the spelling of the word chrysanthemum?
    PRISSY ANDREWS: Chrysanthemum. C-h-i, no r-i -s -a -n-s-m -u-m.
    MR. PHILLIPS: Perhaps we'll turn our attention to your spelling now that you mathematics is well in hand. Gilbert, chrysanthemum.
    GILBERT: Chrysanthemum. C-h-r-y-s-a-n-t-h-a-m-u-m.
    MR. PHILLIPS: Hmm. Anne?
    ANNE: Chrysanthemum. C-h-r-y-s-a-n-t-h-e-m-u-m.
    MR. PHILLIPS: Correct.

    October 22, 2007