American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of numerous, mostly Eurasian plants of the genus Chrysanthemum in the composite family, many of which are cultivated as ornamentals for their showy radiate flower heads.
- n. A flower head of one of these plants.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A plant of the genus Chrysanthemum.
- n. [capitalized] [NL.] A large genus of composite plants, chiefly natives of Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. The generic name is now rarely appropriate, as only a small number have yellow flowers. The perennial chrysanthemum of the gardens, C. Sinense or Indicum, a native of China and Japan, has developed under cultivation a great diversity of handsome and remarkable varieties. It ranks as the national flower of Japan, where special attention is paid to its cultivation and variation, and where an open 16-petaled chrysanthemum is the imperial emblem. Several other species are frequently cultivated for ornament, as C. frutescens, C. roseum, etc. The genus includes the common feverfew (C. Parthenium), the corn-marigold of Europe (C. segetum), and the whiteweed or oxeye daisy (C. Leucanthemum).
- n. Any of many flowering perennial plants, of the genus Chrysanthemum, native to China, that have showy radiate heads.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A genus of composite plants, mostly perennial, and of many species including the many varieties of garden chrysanthemums (annual and perennial), and also the feverfew and the oxeye daisy.
- n. the flower of a chrysanthemum plant
- n. any of numerous perennial Old World herbs having showy brightly colored flower heads of the genera Chrysanthemum, Argyranthemum, Dendranthema, Tanacetum; widely cultivated
- From Ancient Greek χρυσός (khrusos, "gold") and ἄνθεμον (anthemon, "flower"), from ἄνθος (anthos, "flower"). (Wiktionary)
- Latin chrȳsanthemum, from Greek khrūsanthemon, gold flower : khrūs-, khrūso-, chryso- + anthemon, flower (from anthos). (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Short stories, for all the dazzling diversity of the genre, are of two general types: those that yield their meanings subtly, quietly, and are as nuanced and delicate and without melodrama as the unfolding of miniature blossoms in Japanese chrysanthemum tea, and those that explode in the reader's face.”
“FLOWERS are raised everywhere in great variety and in great abundance, and the chrysanthemum is the emblem of the country and is used on postage stamps.”
“In addition, a green vegetable dubbed chrysanthemum coronarium from Taitung was found to contain Acetamiprid, also a new insecticide, and the same vegetable from Taichung County, central Taiwan, was found to have Dimethomorph, a systematic morpholine fungicide.”
“In 2004, having selected three of these styles, each of which requires a different kind of chrysanthemum variety and an entirely different cultivation technique, Ms. Kurashina and her colleagues at NYBG began the intricate task of growing and training the flowers from tiny cuttings in order to master every detail affecting their growth and bloom.”
“It wasn't "chrysanthemum," and he'd waited till Carson wasn't there and I was worrying about something else.”
“The white feathers were raised and displayed so that the spot flashed like the "chrysanthemum" on a prongbuck whose curiosity has been aroused.”
“Both the sword and the chrysanthemum are a part of the picture.”
“We dropped in slices of onion and cabbage and enoki and chrysanthemum leaves for long simmering to enrich the broth.”
“Compounding matters, the discovery of higher-than-standard levels of iodine-131 in shungiku, or garland chrysanthemum, sold in Tokyo may stoke fears that contamination of the nation's food supply has expanded far beyond the perimeters of the nuclear facility.”
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