from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Of the same substance, nature, or essence.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of the same substance or essence.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Of the same kind or nature; having the same substance or essence; coessential.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Having the same substance or essence; coessential.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. regarded as the same in substance or essence (as of the three persons of the Trinity)
Paul of Samosata; but he took it in a gross sense, marking division; as we say, that several pieces of money are of the same metal: whereas the orthodox explained the term consubstantial so well, that the emperor himself comprehended that it involved no corporeal idea — signified no division of the absolutely immaterial and spiritual substance of the Father — but was to be understood in a divine and ineffable sense.
Athanasians and the Eusebians; but Theodoric could not regard him as a man unfaithful to God, because he had rejected the term consubstantial, after admitting it at first.
If you wish that I should add to this that His body is consubstantial with us, I will do this; but I do not understand the term consubstantial in such a way that I do not deny that he is the Son of God.
The other Eusebius, too, bishop of Cæsarea, approved the word consubstantial, after condemning it the day before.
Therefore it was that Athanasius, a deacon of Alexandria, persuaded the fathers to dwell on the word consubstantial, which had been rejected as improper by the Council of Antioch, held against
Pope Dionysius is shocked that his namesake did not use the word "consubstantial" -- this is more than sixty years before Nicaea.
St. Hilary, in his defence of the word consubstantial, approved in the Council of Nice, though condemned fifty-five years before in the Council of Antioch, reasons thus: “Eighty bishops rejected the word consubstantial, but three hundred and eighteen have received it.
In these last points he is more explicit than St. Athanasius himself is elsewhere, while in the use of the word consubstantial, ‘omooúsios, he anticipates Nicæa, for he bitterly complains of the calumny that he had rejected the expression.
Caroline @336: As someone who remembers the newly-translated-from-the-Latin liturgy with the exception of 'consubstantial' from 1967, I have to say that any recitation causing double or triple train-of-thought switches is going to be seriously disruptive.
There is still debate going on over the use of the word "consubstantial" or not.
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