from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The scientific study of the characteristics of the skull, such as size and shape, especially in humans.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The study of the physical characteristics of the human skull.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The department of science (as of ethnology or archæology) which deals with the shape, size, proportions, indications, etc., of skulls; the study of skulls.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. That branch of anatomy which deals with the study of crania or skulls; the sum of human knowledge concerning skulls.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the scientific study of the skulls of various human races


cranio- + -logy (Wiktionary)


  • CraniologySkulls vary in size and shape, and the term craniology is applied to the study of these variations.

    II. Osteology. 5d. The Interior of the Skull

  • Frenchmen, on craniology, which is exceedingly interesting, but full of difficulty, and giving very diverse indications.

    Travels in West Africa

  • And thus was born phrenology (then called craniology).


  • My friend, a genetisist and anthropologist, once was at scientific conference in Columbia university and shown his results in ethnic craniology to his american collegue.

    Academia, Harvard Law School, and freedom of speech

  • I am certainly developing the wisdom of the serpent, for when Mortimer pressed his questions to an inconvenient extent I asked him casually to what type Frankland's skull belonged, and so heard nothing but craniology for the rest of our drive.

    The Seriously Deranged Writer and the Model Cars

  • FW: Pseudosciences like craniology and phrenology in the 18th and 19th century were once used as a basis for scientific racism that dealt with the inability of certain races to have intellect – thus the bizarre depiction of "happy darkies" that the Gone With the Wind group loved so well.

    The WritingYA Weblog: Winter Blog Blast Tour, Day Three: M.T. Anderson

  • Morton picked up his craniology from George Combe, a phrenologist who believed the brain housed all the organs of character.

    American Connections

  • "The application of craniology to the Amazonian savages."


  • There has been far too much emphasis on the importance of craniology in anthropology; I myself have been guilty of this.


  • "Does it not concern you that we are of differing opinions when it comes to craniology?"


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