Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The separation of smaller molecules from larger molecules or of dissolved substances from colloidal particles in a solution by selective diffusion through a semipermeable membrane.
  • n. Hemodialysis.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. a method of separating molecules or particles of different sizes by differential diffusion through a semipermeable membrane
  • n. haemodialysis
  • n. The spelling out of alternatives, or presenting of either-or arguments that lead to a conclusion.
  • n. Asyndeton.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Diæresis. See diæresis, 1.
  • n. Same as Asyndeton.
  • n.
  • n. Debility.
  • n. A solution of continuity; division; separation of parts.
  • n. The separation of different substances in solution, as crystalloids and colloids, by means of their unequal diffusion, especially through natural or artificial membranes.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In grammar:
  • n. In rhetoric:
  • n. In anatomy, separation of parts in general; dissolution of continuity of parts previously united.
  • n. In medicine, loss of strength; weakness of the limbs.
  • n. In chem., the act or process of separating the soluble crystalloid substances in a mixture from the colloid, depending on the principle that soluble crystalloid bodies will diffuse readily through a moist membrane, while colloids diffuse very slowly, if at all.
  • n. [capitalized] [NL.] A genus of dipterous insects.
  • n. In botany, the separation of parts normally united, especially the parts of a whorl.
  • n. In petrography, transformation of rocks by weathering and processes of disintegration: in contrast to processes of metamorphism.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes

Etymologies

Greek dialusis, separating, dissolution, from dialūein, to break up, dissolve : dia-, apart; see dia- + lūein, to loosen; see leu- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Dated in the late 16th Century CE; from Ancient Greek διά (diá, "inter” “through") and λύειν (lýein, "loosen"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The congestive heart failure has barely improved with the medication and now she's got kidney failure that dialysis is not an option for or not working for because of some kind of complication with her diabetes.

    An Update on my Aunt

  • As the long-term treatment for permanent kidney failure, dialysis is a good-news/bad-news technology.

    ...With Functioning Kidneys for All

  • And home dialysis is significantly cheaper than being treated in a clinic or hospital.

    A Dialysis Treatment For The Busy Patient

  • At that point, they may need to begin dialysis immediately, which leaves little time to consider options or learn to do complex procedures at home.

    A Dialysis Treatment For The Busy Patient

  • A big advantage to home dialysis is that patients can do shorter treatments more frequently than the thrice weekly sessions typically offered in centers, which makes each less physically draining and allows less fluid and toxins to build up in between.

    A Dialysis Treatment For The Busy Patient

  • Since changes in the kidneys of long-term dialysis patients might be due to the underlying kidney disease, and kidney changes have not been consistently seen in animals exposed to DEHP, the significance of the rat kidney changes is not clear.

    Public Health Statement for Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP)

  • But why the kidneys are not working or how long someone needs to be on dialysis is different for each person.

    Starting Dialysis: Frequently Asked Questions

  • Hemophiliacs, patients on long-term dialysis, those who had severe trauma or major abdominal surgery like Miguel, the patient at the beginning of this chapter, and those who had a coronary artery bypass graft or other kinds of cardiac surgery had a particularly high risk of contracting hepatitis C because they often required multiple blood transfusions.

    DR. SANJIV CHOPRA’S LIVER BOOK

  • Other groups of people at higher risk of becoming infected with hepatitis C include people infected with HIV; current or former intravenous drug users, even it was a one-time occurrence; health care professionals; long-term dialysis patients; and those who received blood products or organs before 1992.

    Yahoo! News: Business - Opinion

  • Although a transplant is initially expensive $100,000 and up, the cost of long-term dialysis is even higher.

    chron.com Chronicle

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