from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A royal decree issued by a sovereign in certain historical Islamic states, especially by the Sultan of Turkey.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. In Turkey and some other Oriental countries, a decree or mandate issued by the sovereign; a royal order or grant; -- generally given for special objects, as to a traveler to insure him protection and assistance.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A decree or edict of an Oriental sovereign, as of Turkey, issued for various special purposes, as to provide protection and assistance for a traveler, or to sanction an enterprise and prescribe its conditions; a passport; a permit; a license; a grant.
The French missionaries had, in fact, a narrow escape of expulsion through the hostility of the Russian Government, which even proceeded to the length of extorting a firman from the late Shah prohibiting Christians from changing their religion.
"Show me the forgery you dare to call the firman of his sublime majesty, the sultan."
In consequence, the present firman, which is ornamented at the head with our 'Hoomaioon' (sign-manual), and emanates from our Imperial
Officially, Elgin obtained a 'firman' from the Ottoman authorities but when the British Parliament asked to examine it, he couldn't submit it.
His presence calmed the storm at once and he sternly bade Ibrahim to obey the "firman," on peril of his own head.
Mohhammad Ali replied that he would release all the prisoners, upon which, Sir Moses said his desire was to have the guilty punished, and requested therefore a "firman" to go to Damascus.
In reply to his application for a simple "firman" to go to Damascus, the
Success attended him, and the pacha, his predecessor, having in his opinion, as well as in that of the sultan, remained an unusual time in office, by an accusation enforced by a thousand purses of gold, he was enabled to produce a bowstring for his benefactor; and the sultan's "firman" appointed him to the vacant pachalik.
'firman' from the Porte, was commended to the famous ambassador Lord
The Christian sects began to squabble among themselves, which they continue to do to the present day, and in 1767 the Sublime Porte issued a firman dividing the church among the disputants.
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