from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A royal decree issued by a sovereign in certain historical Islamic states, especially by the Sultan of Turkey.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. In Turkey and some other Oriental countries, a decree or mandate issued by the sovereign; a royal order or grant; -- generally given for special objects, as to a traveler to insure him protection and assistance.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A decree or edict of an Oriental sovereign, as of Turkey, issued for various special purposes, as to provide protection and assistance for a traveler, or to sanction an enterprise and prescribe its conditions; a passport; a permit; a license; a grant.
From Turkish ferman, from Persian فرمان (farmân), decree or order. (Wiktionary)