Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A royal decree issued by a sovereign in certain historical Islamic states, especially by the Sultan of Turkey.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. In Turkey and some other Oriental countries, a decree or mandate issued by the sovereign; a royal order or grant; -- generally given for special objects, as to a traveler to insure him protection and assistance.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A decree or edict of an Oriental sovereign, as of Turkey, issued for various special purposes, as to provide protection and assistance for a traveler, or to sanction an enterprise and prescribe its conditions; a passport; a permit; a license; a grant.

Etymologies

From Turkish ferman, from Persian فرمان (farmân), decree or order. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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Comments

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  • "'...except in cases of total rebellion, I say, the Sultan's direct appointment is respected in these parts, when at last it is forthcoming in the form of an iradé or firman,' said Graham. 'The Sultan's iradé is sacred, except to rebels.'"
    --Patrick O'Brian, The Ionian Mission, 261

    A Sea of Words: An edict or order issued by an Oriental sovereign, especially the sultan of Turkey, but also by the bashaws of North Africa; a grant, license, passport, permit. (198) (And this is copied pretty closely from the OED definition.)

    February 14, 2008