American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A cylindrical wicker basket filled with earth and stones, formerly used in building fortifications.
- n. A hollow metal cylinder used especially in constructing dams and foundations.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In fortification, a large basket of wickerwork constructed with stakes and osiers, or green twigs, in a cylindrical form, but without a bottom, varying in diameter from 20 to 70 inches, and in height from 33 inches to 5 or 6 feet, filled with earth, and serving to shelter men from an enemy's fire. In a siege, when making a trench, a row of gabions is placed on the outside nearest the fortress, and filled with earth dug from the trench, forming a breastwork that is proof against musketry fire. By increasing the number of rows to cover the points of junction, complete protection can be attained. Gabions are also largely used to form the foundations of dams and jetties. They are filled with stones, and sunk or anchored in streams where they will become loaded with silt. See
- n. See the quotation.
- n. A cylindrical basket or cage of wicker which was filled with earth or stones and used in fortifications and other engineering work (a precursor to the sandbag).
- n. A woven wire mesh unit, sometimes rectangular, made from a continuous mesh panel and filled with stones sometimes coated with polyvinyl chloride.
- n. A porous metal cylinder filled with stones and used in a variety of civil engineering contexts, especially in the construction of retaining walls, the reinforcing of steep slopes, or in the prevention of erosion in river banks.
- n. A knickknack, objet d'art, curiosity, collectable.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Fort.) A hollow cylinder of wickerwork, like a basket without a bottom. Gabions are made of various sizes, and filled with earth in building fieldworks to shelter men from an enemy's fire.
- n. (Hydraul. Engin.) An openwork frame, as of poles, filled with stones and sunk, to assist in forming a bar dyke, etc., as in harbor improvement.
- Italian gabbione, augmentative of gabbia, itself from Latin cavea. (Wiktionary)
- French, from Italian gabbione, augmentative of gabbia, cage, from Latin cavea. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“A form of earth reinforcement could be undertaken using a material such as gabion mesh laid into the slope at intervals as it is backfilled.”
“Mr. Heselden protected his invention with international patents; his U.S. patent, granted in 2008, calls it a gabion.”
“Students may also caution that Hesco has yet to face hard times: wars and floods have ensured demand for its moneymaker, the gabion that Heselden invented with his British Coal redundancy.”
“That was shown much more spectacularly in the relish he took from inventing and making things – such as the defensive gabion "blast walls" used by armies and in flood management – and the power which selling them gave him to leave the world a better place.”
“He invented a new version of the medieval gabion – baskets filled with stone or rubble which have been adapted in modern times to line riverbanks and road cuttings.”
“The Hesco barrier or bastion is a modern gabion used for flood control and military fortification.”
“The gabion walls allow some amount of air to flow through the walls, and provide a great thermal mass absorbing daytime heat, and shading the interior.”
“The flows are channeled safely via gabion structures to storage reservoirs or to stream courses which flow into the sea.”
“B&W kitteh seemz to B in some sort ob kayj, problee a gabion bazkett.”
“During the reconstruction the site was substantially raised, requiring extensive earthworks and gabion protection on the riverside.”
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yeah, sure, on the tip of my tongue!
Looking for tweets for gabion.